Since the first successful kidney transplant over 50 years ago, the advancement in organ donation has continued to pace. Despite this, fundamental ethical, religious and social issues continues to pervade the practice of organ transplantation. While the study of medical ethics has and continues to develop over many centuries, the central practice of organ transplantation is a somewhat new phenomenon introduced within the general public, subsequently bringing with it a range of ethical dilemmas which societies have struggled to deal with over the years. Also, with the implementation of an opt-out system of organ donation, many advantages are observed as a result. These include the obvious increase in donation rates, and hence an improvement in mortality rates. Furthermore, this system will eliminate the burden and necessity of the next of kin in deciding during difficult times. Conversely, disadvantages, such as ethical issues that arises from forcefully using organs from a deceased who forgot to register their objection during their lifetime and the consequent increase in hospital expenditures to provide for the increase in organ donation, are associated with the opt-out system.
All the main religious groups within society either accept organ donation or accept the right of individual members to make their own decision. The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services describes that many religions like the Roman Catholic Church are in favor of organ donation as acts of charity and as a means of saving a life. Jains, who regard compassion to be a main principle of their faith, donate organs proactively. Some impose certain restrictions. For example, Jehovah's Witnesses require that organs be drained of any bl...
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...roducing new pathways to donation
2. Increased Initiative Due to Societal Awareness- provide workshops/sessions in educational institutions to increase the awareness within the general public, mainly that of young adolescences, where they are less mindful of such issues.
Organ donation is a highly debatable topic giving rise to many social, religious and ethical issues within society. Rather than introducing a new system of presumed consent in Australia where current donation rates are significantly lower in comparison to other developed countries, society needs to provide and improve initiative methods for prospective donors, as individuals willingness to donate may not be effected by the mere introduction of a new system. These strategies may include internal hospital processes, new pathways to donation and increased initiative by societal awareness.