Since these embryos share only genetic similarities and no human characteristics, it is permissible to this stance to kill them in the name of medicine. On the other hand, anti-embryonic stem cell research believes that the human life begins at conception. Consequently, the status of the embryo is considered human and should deserve respect and rights the same as a human. In this term paper, two differing argumentative articles will be analyzed for ethical theories. The reason researches in the biomedical field want to harvest and test stem cells are because of their unknown capabilities to perhaps cure Alzheimer’s, osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease and spinal cord injuries.
According to Sir John Gordon, cloning is not as playing God it is simply copying “what nature has already produced” (Gordon). This new development established a series of debates because if there are technologies that enable humans to artificially create mammal, sooner or later the same process will be performed on human. This points to the question, should human cloning be banned? (Cloning: An Overview). Even though there are numerous critics who believe human cloning violates human dignity, there should be an acceptance because it can be a solution to those who are affected with various diseases, it is essential for understanding our ancestors or other prehistoric species, and it benefits parents who lost their beloved children, or those who cannot have children.
Although skepticism exists because of the lack of regulation and the extreme possibilities considered such as cloning for hair and eye color or for a particular gender, with proper regulation, researchers and doctors intend to embrace this modern and unpredictable technology as our newest weapon in combating health related problems. There is a lot of commotion going in Washington, D.C. It has nothing to do with White Water or the White House, but everything to do with politics and people. There is constant clamour surrounding the issue of cloning technique application for various purposes including the elimination of defective genes which cause disease and an alternative mean of human embryo reproduction. In modern science, three types of cloning exists, positional cloning (genes), Jurassic Park cloning (nucleus), and blastomere separation (human embryos).
One of the morality issues of today is stem cell research and cloning. Mankind has found a way to manipulate human cells into something that could save lives. This is a moral issue because even though it can be used to help people, the process of obtaining these cells could be harmful to others. A lot of times innocent embryos are hurt purely for tests and because people are focused on the embryo stem cells, they have little idea that similar results can be obtained from the stem cells of adult donors. The problem with cloning is that it manipulates an existing cell with DNA from a patient or donor and as humans; mistakes are made so the result isn’t exactly correct.
According to the Webster’s dictionary, genetic engineering is the “scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins.” Kass states ... ... middle of paper ... ... In my opinion, I think that being born a clone is one thing, but the fact of living up to the expectations of the person your parents never got to be is merely wrong and unethical. The issue brought up many time is the fact that human cloning has not been proven to result in a healthy cloned baby with no defect, so my question is if the baby is born with defects what are they to do sue their “parents”? In addition, if the cloned baby is born with many defects, what are the parents to do?
Mankind has always been fascinated with science-fiction idea of cloning, hoping to create copies of living organisms for medicine, or research, or personal gain. This idea, now closer to reality than science-fiction, has caused much debate worldwide. The unresolved question still lingers: Should human cloning be allowed? There are various views on the issue, but I believe that the cloning of humans, for any purpose, should not be permitted for multiple reasons. First, cloning reduces genetic diversity.
I feel it is morally wrong, as well as a disadvantage for the clone of the person. Supporting my argument is research from Gary McCuens' Cloning: Science and Society, and an article from The Ithaca Journal, "Stem Cells Grow from Clones, Controversial Reports Show." While reading Gary McCuens' Cloning: Science and Society, I came across points both for and against cloning human embryos. No matter how hard I tried to read his points with an open mind, I was not able to bring myself to terms with the reasons for cloning human embryos. A major reason some people feel it is acceptable to clone human embryos is for the benefits of infertile couples (13).
Abstract: The rate of using cloning is rapidly increasing. Cloning of different species is a beneficial process, but also has limitations as it can be hazardous and harmful to our society. Cloning is the process in which multiple identical copies of an entire entity are made. An example is the cloning of stem cells which provide identical replicas that can be used to help an injured human. This study compares the favourable and negative outcomes of cloning different organisms, from a scientific perspective without getting into the ethics and religious views.
(Melo 263). When proponents dealing with helping infertility rates going down and helping battle genetic diseases are discussed, the opposing side also argues that cloning human beings could cause psychological harm to the clone, and harms to our society as well. But in the end the arguments tend to cancel each other out, leading to many failures. Works Cited Melo‐Martín, De. "On cloning human beings."
This is because the human race is dignified. Creating human clones would make a mockery of the human race as a whole. One statement that puts this into perspective is this: “Human cloning is a scientific revolution. However, it also introduces the potential for physical and psychosocial harm to human beings” (Dinç 238). Yes, physical harm is a given, there’s no telling what mutations might happen when a clone is created.