Being ethical means doing what is right in terms of virtues, fairness, duties, responsibilities, obligations, and moral believes all which derived from cultures and family backgrounds. To be ethical also meant that one has to be reasonable. Although most people would relate the term ethics with feelings but feelings can be unstable making it hard to make rational decisions. No doubt that emotions are powerful, but they’re also temporary causing regrets if unwanted actions does take place. When one is angry, frustrated, jealous, or sad, it’s hard to separate what is right from wrong.
It is not easy to always be a good person, even if you want to be. I think the important thing is to recognize that there is always an ethical issue. There is always an ethical dimension to any decision that we make. Personal values, morals and ethics can influence decision making. Not everyone has ethical standard.
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During the process of planning for catastrophic events there are many ethical quandaries that must be addressed by the planners but the common denominator in most of them is how to be fair and respectful to all while also providing the best protection for the most people. And just what exactly is fair and what about the situations that present conflicts between fair and safe? There are several different typologies concerning how to be fair, respectful, and provide the best for the most. During the planning stage of preparing for response to a catastrophic event they may all come into play. The planners may not know or be able to articulate the underlying philosophies by name such as Teleological Ethics or Utilitarianism (right or wrongness based on positive or negative outcomes) or Deontological ethics (Duty-based) but they will be guided by their personal beliefs, morals and standards of what is right and wrong.