Among many benefits of genetic engineering are the several cures being developed for presently incurable diseases. Genetics has also opened the door way to biological solutions for world problems, as well as aid for body malfunctions. Genetic engineering is a fundamental tool for leading the world of medicine into the future; therefore, it is crucial to continue research in this field. Today's research in genetic engineering is bringing about new methods for curing and treating major medical illnesses. The Human Genome Project has allowed geneticists to map the genes of human beings.
Public Confidence in Medical Technology. Medical Device Technology, 13, (10), pp11-3. Wright, Richard T. (2003). Biology through the Eyes of Faith. New York : HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.
In medical care, scientists are starting to use gene cloning to create vaccines and hormones. To help children, hormone insulin for treating diabetes and growth hormones has been produced. The immune system has many antibodies and the scientists clone specific ones that help fight off disease or infection (“Clone and Cloning”). Gene therapy modifies the expression of a person’s genes toward a therapeutic goal as a way to treat diseases (Sampsell). The potential of cloning to alleviate suffering is substantial.
A person’s entire gene makeup could be mapped out before they are even born. This in turn raises many controversial issues such as gene discrimination and “human perfecting”. Through the gene makeup we are able to help prevent and cure many diseases, however, life and health insurance companies could use this map to make more money off the individuals who are more likely to become sick. The world of biotechnology is huge, but scientists are only beginning to explore the dangers and benefits of genetic engineering and it is going to become a very mainstream part of our lives. DEFINITIONS “Genetic Engineering, or gene splicing is the scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism.
Stem cells are being studied to grow and replace other stem cells. Stem cell therapies are something that has been known about for many decades. However, in 1998 when a discovery was made on how to remove stem cells from embryos attention was brought back to them. With this new attention many opinions of what was ethical and morally right also came. The large amount of attention was because of the answers stem cells held for diseases and other problems.
Genetic Testing: Benefits and Burdens Thesis: The field of genetic testing is rapidly expanding. Numerous ethical issues are arising, within genetic testing, such as privacy issues, the potential of discrimination or eugenics, and how to convey the information properly. Background: Today we live in a very technologically advanced society. Scientists are continually discovering new things about the world and the way things work. "In the 1980ís, it was becoming increasingly apparent to many scientists that an understanding of basic biology would be greatly enhanced if the detailed structure of DNA was understood" (Mehlman, 1998).
Scambler, G. (1991) Sociology As Applied To Medicine (3rd ed.) Balliere Tindall. Taylor, S. & Field, D. (1997) Sociology of Health and Health Care (2nd ed.) Blackwell Scientific. NB essay written for module 206SOC Social Dimensions in Health, lecturer Steve Taylor, February 1999 format reassessed 28/07/00.
Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annu Rev Psychol (2001) Rollnick S, Mason P, Butler C. Health behavior change. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1999. National Cancer Institute [undated]. Theory at a glance.
Manufacturing such tools to deliver corrective DNA into affected cells within the body is just one of the obstacles that scientists and researchers are facing. Arthur Bank, guest journalist for BioJournals, recently detailed that modifying viruses proves to be an effective w... ... middle of paper ... ... therapy. With further research and development it might just be possible to take the genetic evolution of the human genome into our own hands. However, it is no surprise that there are some that question the ethical background of such a procedure. Works Cited "An Introduction in Gene Therapy."
Gene Therapy is still under development however does have the potential to cure genetic conditions. It is currently an experimental discipline and much research remains to be done before it becomes a common issue. Between 1989 and 2010, 1698 clinical gene therapy trials were approved worldwide and less than 1% of these have shown clinical benefit. The rise of Gene Therapy will create a new era where companies will compete with each other for the development of cheaper and more efficient gene therapy technologies. More jobs from these companies upgrading technology for gene therapy will be employing more workers for development and competition.