XXXIV, p. 393. 8 Gross, p. 220. 9 Gissing, ch., XIV, p. 146. 10 Cited in Gross, pp. 220-1.
22Staley, p. 18. 23Ellman. Letters, p. 285. 24Brown, p. 99. 25Brown, p. 99.
Pg. 139 6 Ibid. pg. 138 7 ln. 269-279 8 ln.
 Ibid. 64.  Aquila 119-120.  Miller and Nowak 298.  Belz x-xi.
Catch-22 follows Captain Yossarian in his exploits as a bombardier in the U.S. Air Force during World War II. He is stationed with his squadron on the island of Pianosa, near the Italian coast in the Mediterranean Sea. Throughout the book, Yossarian believes that everybody is trying to kill him. His commander, Colonel Cathcart, constantly raises the number of missions his men must fly in hopes of improving his rank in the army. Ultimately, Yossarian discovers that one can be discharged from the military if found insane.
Though trying to get out, he knows there is only one way, and that would only get him “away” from all of the terror. This brings the reader to the theme of the play, escape. “Insanity is the only sane way to deal with an insane situation”(Heller 78). Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 explains an insight of which a paradox providing no way out of conflict is overcome and in the end, defeated. Throughout the novel several passages express the idea of escape and the eagerness to do so.
This film came out at a height of paranoia of the nuclear age and the Cold War, just after the Cuban Missile Crisis. It depicts a horrible, tragic incident in which a breach in the government and diplomatic mistakes result in nuclear holocaust. General Ripper, a psychotic anti-Communist, exploits a loophole in the chain of command and orders nuclear warheads to be dropped on Russia. Ripper, in a moment of humor, explains his motivation-most likely gleaned from bits of "red" propaganda he has internalized: "I can no longer sit back and allow Communist infiltration, Communist indoctrination, Communist subversion, and the international Communist conspiracy to sap and impurify all of our precious bodily fluids." He elaborates further citing the Communist fluoridation of U.S. drinking water as the most dangerous of Soviet plots to infiltrate and destroy the American people.