The Rosetta Stone was discovered in July 1799 at Rosetta (now el-Rashid) in Egypt (Cracking Codes 20). Pierre Francois Xavier Bouchard, a soldier in Napoleon’s army, discovered the stone while digging the foundations of an addition to a fort (Cracking Codes 20). He recognized the stone as part of a stele, or slab marking government notices or territory (Cracking Codes 20). Bouchard reported the discovery to a French general, Jacques-Francois Menou, who had the stone excavated and cleaned (Cracking Codes 21). News of the discovery spread quickly, but no one was able to immediately decipher the writings (Cracking Codes 21). Upon Napoleon’s defeat, the stone became property of the British under terms of the Treaty of Alexandria in 1801(Cracking Codes 22).
The researcher learned that the Rosetta stone is one of the most important artifacts of the Egyptians. It was written in three ancient scripts and is located at the British museum in London.
The Chronicle of the French Occupation, 1798 – Napoleon in Egypt, was written by the Egyptian born scholar and jurist, Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti (c. 1753-c.1825) between 1798 and 1801, framing the French occupation of Egypt. Both the Middle East and Europe, during the late 17th century were in a state of redefinition. Although the chronicle had covered only the brief period during first seven months of 36, it serves as a crucial accounting. Clearly illustrated is a paradigmatic shift between a modern culture and an antiquated system with a chronicle of events that swings between something that is merely observational to something written by an emotionally charged spectator. Although the work has been widely accepted, there is still some speculation as to degrees of censorship and possible omissions through various translations.
The Rosetta Stone was found in the town of Rosetta and sent to French scholars in Alexandria during the summer of 1799 (Giblin 23). This black, measuring 112 by 76 stone found while the soldiers in the town were destroying a citadel was unprecedented because it had three different languages on it, the only understood one being Greek (Silet 1). The three languages on the stone were, as stated, Greek, the common Egyptian demotic, and 14 lines of hieroglyphics (Giblin 27). Scholars familiar with the Greek language and writing system were able to translate that section, and the final sentence revealed a fact that set the groundwork for future translations of the other parts. The final line reads: “This decree shall be inscribed on a stela of hard stone in sacred and native and Greek characters” (Giblin 27). It came to be understood that the three sections all contained the same message, and scholars promptly set to work on the translations.
They gave up after some time in which many others came flocking to the area to continue digging. Supposedly, this was towards the end of the pirate era and many believe that Captain Kidd must have left his treasure on that island. There were a few “mysterious” objects that were unearthed; wooden planks, discovered the hole was a shaft, chains, and a stone of inscriptions which was supposedly translated to, “Forty feet below two million pounds are buried.” This is a red flag for several reasons: 1. The stone was translated in the late 1800’s which has been discovered in class to be a very problematic year for gaining any valid information on anything. 2. The stone was anonymously translated so no mention of who the expert was other than that it was a Halifax professor. 3. After it had been translated, the stone “mysteriously” disappears and no one sees or hears of it again. So far, the series are turning out to be quite the
The Stonehenge is a theory based piece of art which is on many levels of debates. The two most popular theories are that Three Tribe theory and that the British built it to unify Britain. The time period is mainly estimated at 3000 BC through 2000 BC. They believe the Stonehenge was built in multiple stages all throughout. The influence for why the stonehenge was built is the major question towards the stonehenge. Conspiracies show that the Druids used it for royal purposes to pay off the “Gods”. In the end, the Stonehenge became a Great piece of art with 30 rocks help up vertical and horizontal.
In this book, a major theme present throughout is the collecting of major artworks. McClellan focuses mostly on how the museum was created, not about how it influences modern art museums. The book explains how the Louvre has collected artwork from different countries in Europe. As said before, these paintings were sometimes given as presents for the king or queen at the time, as a reward for a battle that
The story of the Fall of Man is known to many people not so much through the Bible as through John Milton's Paradise Lost. Milton's work presents a version that has become part of biblical custom, and to a certain degree aid in the understanding of the Creation and the Fall based on Milton's additions and explanations. The poem's monumental influence aside, Milton's unparalleled perspective has made Paradise Lost one of the most significant works that is relatable to his own era and the present. However, religion is not the only aspect that can be presented at a contemporary angle. By bringing in symbolic figures he invites allegorical interpretations that allow similarities to be made about community structure. Milton appeals to a modern audience by recognizing the structure of society throughout Paradise Lost. Today’s generation remains familiar with this societal component and its various interpretations.
Kimberly N. Broughton
English Literature I Final Exam
December 9, 2013
Passage I appears in Book I of Paradise Lost, lines 254-263. The narrator, Satan, is boasting, along with his friend Beelzebub, lord of the flies, about how is it better to be the ruler in hell than serve God in Heaven. It all started when Satan awoken in Hell from being thrown out of Heaven. Many angels had joined Satan and thus started the war with God.
QP engaged Shonquasia in participating in a CBT activity geared towards making healthy sexual choices. QP explained to Shonquasia that the activity will help her to identify the dos and don’ts of making healthy sexual choices and enhance her awareness of consequences of the choices she make and empower her to make healthiest choice possible. QP presented Shonquasia with scenarios in which she had to make choices about sexual health and behavior. QP provided these scenarios to help Shonquasia to understand the choices she make now can influences her future sexual health. QP discussed with Shonquasia the consequences for making poor sexual choices. QP asked Shonquasia to list some of the consequences she had experienced with the choices she has