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Essay On The Parliamentary And Parliamentary System Of Government

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There are different forms of government that rule in the world today. The presidential system of government and the parliamentary system of government are both very important and widely used as systems of governments. There are many differences between the presidential and parliamentary systems of government. The main difference being the person who is in power in each system. The president and the prime minister take on different roles in these. The branches within these governments are elected differently and the amount of power they have is different also. In the presidential system the president may not be easily replaced, contrary to the parliamentary system in which the prime minister can be replaced in a quicker way. Both systems have…show more content…
In this system of government there is an overlap on who is part of the executive and who is part of the legislative branch. The prime minister and the members of the legislative branch hold office in both (Phillips, 2012, p.198). Contrary to the “separation of powers” that the presidential system holds, the parliamentary system holds the “fusion on powers”. This makes both branches responsible for administering the daily operations of government departments and also exercising executive powers (Phillips, 2012, p.198). This can be seen as an advantage and a disadvantage at the exact same time. It is the parliamentary systems’ most important advantage, that no branch has the power to go against the executive, but it may also be seen as a disadvantage. Because there is no “separation of powers”, the executive branch may hold too much power and the legislative branch might not have any or only a little control over it. Usually the prime minister is part of the same political party as the legislative branch since the legislature branch itself appoints him or her. It is very easy for the legislative branch to replace a prime minister. If the legislative branch votes on replacing the prime ministers then an action called a “motion of no-confidence” begins and the prime minister has to either resign or hold an election in order…show more content…
Both have their advantages and disadvantages. The overall advantage of the parliamentary system is that the legislative branch almost always chooses a prime minister who is already part of their political party. This results in their views being very similar and them working together easily. In the presidential system the president and the legislative branch might have different views and might end being on different sides when it comes to many decisions. When it comes to passing laws, the parliamentary system usually has a quicker process. This is because it is easier for the legislative branch to pass legislation as it is essentially at the same power as the executive branch. This may be seen as an advantage to the legislative branch when they want to pass a new law. They do not have to wait for the approval of the prime minister, seeing as usually they have the same plans and want to pass the same laws. However, it might also be seen as a disadvantage if the law is not appealing to everyone else. Contrary to the parliamentary system, the presidential system requires the signature of the president and his or her approval of a law. The president may veto a law if they deem necessary or if they disagree with it. However, the legislative branch does have power to overrule this veto with a two-third vote thanks to the system of checks and balances. In the US the Senate also requires 60%
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