He sent an American diplomat, John Slidell, to Mexico City. When John Slidell came to Mexico City, Mexico refused to even to see or talk to him. Polk was determined to get that territory from Mexico. So James Polk knew he was going to war with Mexico but he needed to get the country on his side, so Polk had to get Mexico to attack first. Polk sent General Zachary Taylor to build a fort on distributed territory on January 1846 to drag Mexico to attack.
Texas became a state in 1845 and so Mexico broke off all relations with the US. The US also said that Mexico owed the US $3 million to make up for lives and property lost. Americans demanded the US take it by force. There were many reasons that caused the Mexican War to happen. The Americans had two objectives, more land and to invade Mexico.
Americans’ hunger for land and resource took a toll on Mexico. The turmoil of a new Mexican government, Annexation of Texas, and American scheme to acquire Mexican territory led to Mexico ceding all land north of Rio Grande from Texas west to California. Trouble began long before Mexico gained their independence from Spain. The government in Mexico became destabilized and chaotic when the French arrested the Spanish King and occupied Spain in 1807 (Tindall & Shi, 2010, pg.386). This disordered rule led Miguel hidalgo y Costilla, a creole priest, to organize a revolt to declare Mexican freedom from Spanish rule; however, he was eventually captured and executed in 1811 (Tindall & Shi, 2010, pg.
The western expansion broke Mexico from the core, starting with families. The majority of Mexican families became separated when the new border was put in play and as a result to this, families were divided by being placed on opposing... ... middle of paper ... ...e Indian Removal Act was written in a way that suggests a fair “exchange” of lands between natives and Americans, however, it opened the door for the militias of the southern states to drive the Native Americans, like a herd of cattle, from their land by force. The federal government did not care or think about the fact that the Cherokee nation had changed their ways to assimilate the American culture. Instead, the U.S. government forced an entire nation over which it had no jurisdiction to march hundreds of miles at gunpoint like savage barbarians, causing thousands to die. The Cherokee had been abused by white settlers, who burned their towns, occupied Cherokee territory illegally, and stole their livestock.
President James K. Polk wanted to gain the rest of Mexican northwest for the United States. President Polk sent a businessman named John Slidell to Mexico City to buy California and New Mexico for $30 million. President Polk at the same time ordered American troops into the disputed territory to gain a reason to start a war with Mexico. He waited for any signs of the Mexicans to... ... middle of paper ... ... into the colonies. *The person who led the army for the battle of new orleans was Andrew Jackson.
In 1846 alone, the position new hands four times, the war office six times and the finance office sixteen times. But, Mexican public opinion and all political groups agreed that selling the territories to the United States would ruin the national honor. Mexicans who similar direct conflict with the United States, including President José Joaquín de Herrera, were viewed as traitors. Military opponents of de Herrera supported by populist newspapers, considered Slidell's presence in Mexico City an insult. When de Herrera considered receiving Slidell to settle the problem of Texas annexation peacefully, he was accused of treason and removed.
The Mexican government opposed slavery. After the capture of General Santa Anna in 1836, he was forced to recognize the sovereignty of the Republic of Texas (Hickman, 2011), however; the Mexican government still considered Texas a province and would not honor General Santa Anna’s agreement. General Santa Anna was exiled to Cuba until he outwitted President Polk in 1846 and resumed command of the Mexican army. In the course of the next nine years, the United States rejected the annexation of Texas into the union because they were concerned about having another slave state. Other members in government were concerned about Mexico and provoking a conflict.
Mexico responded by breaking off diplomatic relations. President Tyler left the office as the 10th president before he was able to purchase Texas, so President Polk as 11th president continued with the campaign to buy up Texas. The Annexation included the territories of California and Oregon. The Mexican-American War played a vital role which led to the occupation and eventual expansion of the Un... ... middle of paper ... ... they had owned for centuries, in the end it cost Mexico lives and land. The United States knew that Mexico was a weaker nation so by using their military force they were hoping to coerce Mexico into giving up the lands because Mexico stood no chance against the might of the United States military force.
When the United States formally offered annexation to Texas in 1845, Mexico, protested. On December 29, 1845, Texas was formally admitted to the Union. Mexico refused to accept the loss of Texas, as written in the Treaty of Velasco that was created after the Battle of San Jacinto, in April 21, 1836, and still considered Texas to be Mexican territory, which obtained independence from Spain in 1821, that was under temporary rule of a rebel government. Mexico declared that the annexation of Texas was the same as an act of war. Around the same time, American President, James K. Polk (who took office on March 4, 1845) sent diplomat John Slidell to Mexico with an offer to buy Texas, New Mexico and California for about $30 million.
The declaration was due to a lack of tolerance for religion, the repealing of the constitution of 1824, an unstable government with an unstable president, and the closure of the Mexican legislature, a congress of nine declared Texas independent from Mexico, followed by a formal declaration on March 2, 1836. After the declaration, General Samuel Houston was appointed commander-in-chief for the Texican government. Immediately after the declaration, hostilities between Mexico and Texas began. Santa Anna sent back up to Texas, but the Texicans fought them off with bows and spears (Mckeehan). Santa Anna’s first mistake was his decision to go to Texas with 10,000 men behind him with no intention of mercy.