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Essay On The History Of Juvenile Crime

explanatory Essay
833 words
833 words
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History of Juvenile Crime in the United States
There is very little information about the history of juvenile crime. So, in order to provide insight into juvenile crime I will first discuss be the history of America’s juvenile justice system. One of the main debates in modern time is who has the responsibility of directing the juvenile justice system so that it can become an avenue for helping prevent juvenile crimes.
Juvenile crime is defined as the participation in illegal behavior by individuals younger than the statutory age of majority. Most justice systems have specific facilities for housing juveniles. These facilities include juvenile detention centers, and juvenile courts. In recent years, the average age for first arrest has dropped greatly, and younger boys and girls are committing crimes. Between …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that there is very little information about the history of juvenile crime in the united states. they will first discuss america's juvenile justice system.
  • Defines juvenile crime as the participation in illegal behavior by individuals younger than the statutory age of majority. most justice systems have specific facilities for housing juveniles, including juvenile detention centers, and juvenile courts.
  • Explains that teenagers commit a high amount of offenses, but most of them are one-time occurrences and are often non-violent. only about 5-10% of adolescents commit violent crimes.
  • Explains juvenile crime can be divided into three major categories: delinquency, criminal behavior, status offenses, and truancy.
  • Explains that the juvenile justice system was created in the late 1800s to better serve youth offenders by protecting the due process of law rights of youth.
  • Explains that the united states criminal justice system plays a major role in preventing crime among youth offenders.
  • Explains that substance abuse among teenagers, peer pressure and gang activity, broken families, and economic status factor into the juvenile crime rate.
  • Opines that the legal system needs to focus on helping offenders once they enter the system while under incarceration and beyond. it is also important that school systems become more proactive in helping prevent juvenile crimes.
  • Explains that juvenile crime rates have fluctuated for both black and white juveniles, the biggest problem is for those in minority groups, particularly black males.
  • Explains that in 1994, the rate for committing homicides for adults aged 25 and older was at a steady decline, but for those between the ages of 18 and 24, it increased 62% between 1986 and 1991.
  • Opines that identifying at risk youth is a good way to start the fight to lower juvenile crime statistics.

These things include but certainly are not limited to substance abuse among teenagers, peer pressure and gang activity, broken families and economic status.
In order to lower the juvenile crime rate the legal system needs to focus on helping offenders once they have entered into the system while under incarceration and beyond. This is the turn the juvenile justice system started to make in the 1970s. It is also important that school systems become more proactive in helping prevent juvenile crimes by offering programs for students to report bullying as well as offering programs about why one student shouldn’t bully other students. Reports show that a lot of juvenile offenders start out as bullies.
Juvenile crime rates have fluctuated for both black and white juveniles, the biggest problem is for those in minority groups, particularly black males. Black males aged 15-24 make up only 15% of the United States population, in the make up for 14% of homicide victims and 19% percent of perpetrators. This is only taking into account the homicide rates not to mention other juvenile crime

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