French Foreign Policy and the Coming of War During this critical time not much attention was turned to France, as the entire spotlight was on Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement and Hitler’s aims. The Orthodox view of France was described as of a deeply divided and politically unstable country, which was obsessed with security and defense. France was definitely not ready for war, and therefore eagerly agreed to the policy of appeasement. It preferred negotiating with Germany at this stage rather than fighting it. The other reason for why France was standing up behind Britain so much and tried to never argue with it was because France was scared of losing British support if war with Germany would arise.
The primary cause of the war with Britain was the fact the neutral shipping rights were violated by Britain, and though France had also violated these rights, there were other issues that the British were responsible for. Britain blockaded the United States in such a manner it was no longer possible to export goods by ship. The British were not doing this to harm America's economy, however it was extremely harmful to the economy of this young country. Britain was doing this so that France could not import as many goods that would behoove them in the war. France desperately needed various goods that could be imported from the United States and they were willing to pay where America's economy could have benefited tremendously.
Alarmed by the radicalism of the French Revolution, Hamilton persuaded that America’s security and his economic system demanded friendship with Britain, clearly indifferent to the consequences for France (Herring, George C.). The decision to stay neutral also upset more than appealed. The French were not happy with the decision as well as Jefferson. Both the French and British began to seize American ships crossing the Atlantic, taking cargo and impressing sailors. These actions and seizures violated the Neutrality Proclamation forcing Washington and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Jay to form new ways of
Jefferson worried that the acquisition of foreign territory was not covered by the Constitution, and suspected that he was funding Napoleon's imperial ambitions, but ultimately decided that the opportunity was too good to pass up. His foreign policy was one which changed over the years. Thomas Jefferson's ideals were that of a non-intervention... ... middle of paper ... ...Purchase though, the twelfth amendment went against Jefferson’s ideals. The reform of the Electoral College made it less likely that state delegations in the House would choose the president. With the Twelfth Amendment, he guaranteed his own re-election; he could now overlook the tension with states' rights.
Indeed, many historians would agree that war was necessary, and the U.S. would have to win if it wanted to gain its true independence and be seen as a sovereign power. The Napoleonic wars in Europe made it impossible for Britain to give in to U.S., demands, since they felt the U.S., was in no position to threaten the British Empire with its control of the sea lanes. The issue for America was neutral rights that she felt as a neutral state she should be able to trade with any country including Britain and France. However, Napoleon saw things differently as he consolidated his control over most of Europe by capturing American ships which traded with the British under his Berlin decrees in order to starve the British of food and war materials. Consequently, in order to avoid any disruption in its trade, survivability, and to forestall any invasion; Britain was forced to issue a similar orders in council-which forbids trade with France unless such vessel stops at a British port and gets ... ... middle of paper ... ...each its true potential.
During Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency, the United States was a very neutral nation, mostly because America was nowhere near prepared for any type of war. Not wanting to interfere in the affairs of others, Jefferson stayed away from conflict and confrontation, mainly in the war between England and France. Napoleon was fighting most of Europe, and Britain was trying to keep control out of his hands. His choice to abstain from any type of fight also fostered the revival of the two party system in the United States, which would ultimately lead them done the path of war. Between the years 1803 and 1807, England and France had both begun to impress and raid United States trading vessels, causing anger and frustration among Americans.
The American people, however, would rather stay of war, and lose their right to the seas. Both sides became increasingly angry with the American position of neutrality. England publicly declared, “Anyone who talked of peace was a friend of Germany.” This created only hostility towards the British, but continued diplomacy with Germany. The underlying cause of this friendly nature was not to remain neutral. Wilson thought that if the Americans weren’t going to stand up for their rights to the seas, that this would be the way to reduce the ...
For example, Great Britain’s motive was to make sure that Germany would no longer by a threat to it (Versailles, 223). France’s motive in the treaty was to try and assure in the future that it would not be invaded, as France was extremely vulnerable at that time period and surrounded by stronger countries that could easily defeat France, and that it would have allies in countries like the USA that would protect France if the need ever arose. Because of so many motives that were so vastly different that they could not come to an agr... ... middle of paper ... ...romote conservatism so the change of pace would be slow. This helped to achieve each leader’s respective motive and therefore made the treaty a popular one. The motive, structure, and philosophies for the Congress of Vienna and the Treaty of Versailles had various differences and because of this had very different results.
Whether to Fight France or England That the United States was in a time of disrupted trade, economic distress and shaky foreign alliances, demonstrates that war with either France or England was inevitable, however, the United States was able to detain the war from happening for about twelve years. Relations between the United States and Great Britain had been strained after the United States won its independence in 1783, but the greatest problems developed during the war between England and France that broke out in 1793. To prevent American neutral shipping from helping the French, the British instituted extensive marine blockades of European ports. The resulting seizures of American merchant shipping quickly brought demands for retaliation in the United States. From 1794 on, however, tensions eased as the administrations of George Washington and John Adams worked to avoid diplomatic difficulties with the British.
The United States hoped to stay out of the way because war was viewed as wasteful, irrational, and immoral. There was no reason for the U.S. to intervene with European affairs. In addition, Wilson was aware of the huge immigrant populations whom have come to the United States just recently from those nations currently at war. Many immigrants, such as the Irish, would not support the war because of their previous hatred toward Great Britain. Great Britain controlled a big portion of the sea during this time and was the first to set up a blockade between the United States and Germany.