The topic of my proposal is Prison overpopulation amongst African Americans as a result of racial biases and poverty. My question is “ what factors contribute to the overpopulation of African Americans in local and federal prisons in the United States”. The reason I choose this topic is because researchers often give bias reasons as to why African Americans make up about 13.6% of the population but thirty eight percent of those who are incarcerated (Conyers, p. 377). Many researches associate their belief for overpopulated African Americans in prison on biases used amongst law enforcement officials (i.e. Attorneys, police officers, judges, etc.)
The criminal justice system is full of inequality and disparities among race, gender, and class. From policing neighborhoods, and the ongoing war on drugs, to sentencing, there are underlying biases and discriminatory practices in the criminal justice system that impacts minority communities and groups. Fueled by stereotypes and generalizations, it is important to identify and discuss what crimes take place and who actually makes it up. According to Beirne & Messerschmidt men commit more crimes than women. With men making up 78% of arrests for every crime except Larceny, they are also more likely to commit conventional and serious conventional crimes.
Most black Americans are under the control of the criminal justice today whether in parole or probation or whether in jail or prison. Accomplishments of the civil rights association have been challenged by mass incarceration of the African Americans in fighting drugs in the country. Although the Jim Crow laws are not so common, many African Americans are still arrested for very minor crimes. They remain disfranchised and marginalized and trapped by criminal justice that has named them felons and refuted them their rights to be free of lawful employment and discrimination and also education and other public benefits that other citizens enjoy. There is exists discernment in voting rights, employment, education and housing when it comes to privileges.
During slavery being black meant to be a slave. During Jim Crow meant to be a second class citizen. And mass incarceration defines black people, especially men, as criminals. We can conclude with her analyses that the criminal justice in America is biased an even though I don’t agree with the suggestion Alexander has heard from other people that mass incarceration is a “conspiracy to put blacks back in their place” (p.5). It is clear that the justice system in the US is not completely fair, and that collective action must arise to struggle it.
This War on Drugs targets black men in many ways including in the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, more serious punishments were implemented for crack distribution (associated more with Black people) than pure cocaine (associated more commonly with upper class White people). Civil penalties as well, like not being able to live in public housing or get student loans, accompany the harsh prison sentences. Michelle Alexander writes of the effects of mass incarceration on Black Americans in the United States. Michelle Alexander explains that the Jim Crow laws from before are functionally equivalent to todays mass incarceration practices. There is a racial disproportion impact of the War on Drugs, which drove the increase of incarceration rates.
Rather than using a model of urban poverty that blame the poor for their poverty, Black instead focuses, through ethnography, on the social forces that affect the individual lives of three urban Puerto Rican brothers: Julio, Fausto, and Sammy. As viewed in the book, many targets for the prison system are poor African American and Latino men. People that come from poor neighborhoods are at a higher risks of being incarcerated. There have been different outcomes for different racial and gender groups in sentencing and convicting criminals in the United States criminal justice system. Experts have debated the relative importance of different factors that have led to many of these inequalities.
I will further more talk about all of these topics to show just how bad exploitation is and how there aren't many ways for it to be stopped. Trafficking and sweatshop working are the most common forms of exploitation in the United States today. Trafficking occurs when a poor individual is offered job opportunities to make money and persuaded that these opportunities are good jobs. Then the poor individual agrees to work and then is forced to work as a prostitute, abused laborer or a servant. Sweatshop working occurs in the corporate environment today and is when the average businessman works around the clock for his company and doesn't receive career advancements or raises but the CEO is becoming richer and richer.
Problem Statement The criminal justice system treats all forms of serious crimes in an unforgiving manner. If the offenders commit a crime while under the influence of drugs, they are likely to be put in prison for a longer period of time rather than someone who committed the same kind of crime but was not under the influence of drugs (Taylor, 2008). With that said there are many causes of drug related crimes. Usually when there is a drug related crime it tends to be more serious in terms of damage done than non related ones. It is important to further explore crimes that are drug related in order to see the root causes.
Instead of being racist, America uses its criminal justice system to label people of color "criminals.” While some races use drugs at similar rates, there is still a disparity in jails: they are mostly filled with people of color. The New Jim Crow makes it possible that the African Americans labeled as criminals lose basic rights, and consequentially, the whites maintain superiority over the blacks. Outside of prison, free prisone... ... middle of paper ... ...under the weight of logical fallacies and lack of research. In conclusion, Michelle Alexander depicts the grim reality for many young African American men in the era of mass incarceration and exposes the truth of racial injustice in the system of mass incarceration. She reveals how race plays an important role in the American Justice System and mass incarceration.
Many prisons are private and seek money. The prison system is one way to make money. Private prisons make money by getting contracts with the government who is always needed more space for prisoners. There will always been an influx of prisoners thank to the War on Drugs by targeting a single race. These prisons gain the contracts and the more prisoners they receive the more money they make.