“New World Romans” is what Aveni called these ancient astronomers. Settled in what now is Peru in 1400 to 1532 C.E, the Inca Empire was a large and sophisticated society that was later conquered by the Spanish. Many mysteries were left untold in their 132-year reign. Along with their mysteries, their beautiful land housed a complex system called the Ceque System. Understanding the Ceque system gives us a painting of the civilization and how they operated.
Instead they had regional kings and leaders to lead each area as long as they continued to send tribute. Aztec kings were held as religious leaders as well as political and were seen as representatives of the gods. Religion was a key element in controlling people especially with the sacrifice system. The Incas were a group in South America around Peru that created their vast empire that grew in the early 15th century. The incas consisted of about 9-13 million people in an empire that spanned 3,000 miles on the west coast of South America.
Aztec empire ruled much of what is now Mexico from 1428 till 1521, when the empire was conquered by Spaniards. Aztecs controlled a region stretching from the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala. Aztecs were great engineers and developed a multifarious social political and religious system with Tenochtitlan as their capital city. Inca Empire stretched it boundaries from Colombia to Chile and reached west to east from the Atacama to Amazonian rain forest. Incas lack the concepts of written language however they had an incredible system of roads.
When the Spanish arrived at the Incan borders in 1528, the Incan empire spanned a great distance, from Ancs Maya, Blue River, in Southern Columbia to the Maule River in Chile. The Inca Empire originated from a tribe based in Cuzco under the rule of Pachacuti, the Incan leader from 1438 to 1471/1472, Cuzco soon ended up being the capital of the Empire. Pachacuti’s would later rule the empire. The Inca believed that harmony between the relationships of the human being, nature and gods was truly essential. They had multiple gods, but the main god was Viracocha, the Inca even considered their emperors as demi-gods.
This capital of the Incan Empire severed as a home to the political center of the Incas. The rich political and social system proved the most interesting to me as I stayed in Cuzco. The political system of the Incans proved rather ridged and complex. At the top of their society is the emperor. The Incan emperor was thought to be the a direct descendant of the sun god, Inti.
The Inca's were in Cuzco in Peru. South America's geography is unique full of vast differences from languages, cultures, and ethnicities. 2. The Amerindian Inca State: This was South America's greatest indigenous empire building stone structures, roads, and bridges. The States was in Cuzco in Peru, in an altiplanos.
The capital of the Inca Empire, Cusco, still contains many fine examples of the Incas ' architecture. The city of Machu Picchu is an example of Inca architecture, other important sites include Sacsayhuman and Ollantaytambo. According to legend, Cusco sacred city and capital of the empire was founded around the eleventh centuries XXII AC. by Manco Capac Inca, who emerged from Titicaca Lake. Cusco was the center of the empire, covered the territories of the countries now known as Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile.
The Islamic empire used it to show the direction of mecca, the timings for the prayers and for the calculation of months in the lunar calendar. In Europe, starting from the 15th century, the mariner’s astrolabe was made and was a very common tool used in exploration. The astrolabe originated in ancient Greece and was improved and modified by the Islamic empire and then by Europe in early modern history. The astrolabe was a very important innovation that greatly impacted the Islamic empire and early modern history.
Soon after that Spanish became Peru’s official language. In 1975, the Peruvian Government made Quechua an official language along with Spanish. Hiram Bingham discovered in 1911, what is now one of the Seven Wonders of the World, Machu Picchu. The site of the ancient Inca city lays North West of Cusco, Peru. The stone ruins of Machu Picchu stand over 8,000 feet (2,400meters) high on a mountain.
Epic of Gilgamesh was an excellent narrative poem filled with achievements, the labors, and failures Gilgamesh king of Uruk. This poem was performed in Mesopotamia in 1790 B.C.E during a time when there was a wonder of creation of the universe and about life in general. The Epic of Gilgamesh also looked into life, life after death, and immortality. This was the most famous poems during this time... ... middle of paper ... ...lled by those same rich senators that killed his brother. The Gracchus brother’s historical significance was they were politicians that were for the people and after their death’s it lead to other leader’s using the same tactic.