Along with nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and the alliance system, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was a cause that sparked the horrific event of World War I. With the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente were two opposing groups, and two specific clashing forces were Germany and Russia. Although an attempt to spread harmony throughout Europe was made, all it did was cause a much greater threat to the peace around the world.
Dillan Badilla March 20th, 2014 Ap European History Period 1 In 1914, Gavrilo Princip had assassinated Franz Ferdinand, The duke of Austria. The assassins had been put up by the Serbian government, soon the Austrian government found out and had decided to retaliate. This had been the tipping point that had caused World War 1. But this is not the only cause to World War 1. The other causes of World War 1 were MIlitarism which was strongest in Germany.
This made other European powers such as Britain, France and Russia threatened. Whilst all of this his made some tension, the tension built greatly when Germany made a triple alliance with Italy and Austria-Hungary in 1882. Germany did this because they felt threated by France, Russia and Britain who were surrounding Germany. Whilst Germany had a reason for this alliance, the other power house countries such as Britain, France and Russia saw this ... ... middle of paper ... ...ilst Archduke Franz Ferdinand was on a Royal visit in Bosnia, a group of pro independent terrorists called The Black Hand Group assassinated the Archduke. They made the attack because Bosnia was recently annexed by Austria and Franz Ferdinand was next in line to the throne.
There are many reasons why World War One occurred in 1914, many are complex and remain controversial which is why the matter has been disputed to this day by historians all over the world. My theory is that a lot of those reasons and the trigger factor all links to one thing; the alliance system. The alliance system is what made countries oppose each other and become rivals making it the most significant factor. It had an impact on who supported who when Duke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated. This was only the spark that started war in Europe; there were long term causes that contributed to the war and were the origins.
The conflict resulting from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinard should have been local and confined but due to a series of factors, militarism, the alliance system, nationalism, this one incident led to the greatest war Europe had ever seen. As a result of underlying hostilities the assassination led to a chain of events that ensured war on a wide scale. The alliance system developed by Bismarck for defensive purposes was one of the major causes of the war. These alliances however took a more aggressive tone in the hands of Bismarck’s successors. Also Bismarck’s alliance system was too intricate for anybody other than himself to maintain.
There are many underlying reasons for this bloodshed but some of the biggest, most significant ones include alliances, nationalism, and imperialism. Alliances were the reason that so many countries were involved in the war, and why it escalated into a global event. For instance, one of the key events that sparked the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Gavrilo Princip, a member of the group called The Black Hand, killed Ferdinand and his wife in hopes to make Serbia independent from Austria-Hungary. Basically, Austria-Hungary wanted Serbia to punish the people responsible for the assassination and Serbia refused, so Austria-Hungary declared war on them.
“With the growing spirit of Nationalism, Slav subjects were becoming more and more difficult to govern.” This was caused because of the Slavs desperate desire to become an individual state. Francis Ferdinand, the Austro-Hungarian heir was murdered by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand terrorist organization in 1914. Francis Ferdinand’s murder took place in Sarajevo, Bosnia. “The assassination set off a rapid chain of events, as Austria-Hungary immediately blame... ... middle of paper ... ...l countries acquire into heated rivalries with one another. Economic desire was also a key factor into the rising of World War I.
Sophia died instantly (she was an expectant mother) and Franz only uttered “Sofia-” before he, too, met his demise. (para. 10) Before he could escape, Princip was attacked by police who, according to EyeWitness.com, “knocked him down, they kicked him, scraped the skin from his neck with the edges of their swords, tortured him, all but killed him.” Count Franz von Harrach, who was an eyewitness to the assassination, wrote an account of the events that took place, saying that “"As the car quickly reversed, a thin stream of blood spurted from His Highness's mouth onto my right check. As I was pulling out my handkerchief to wipe the blood away from his mouth, the Duchess cried out to him, 'In Heaven's name, what has happened to you?' At that she slid off the seat and lay on the floor of the car, with her face between his knees.
From the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the war was shaped by events like this. On June 28, 1914, the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Francis Ferdinand, and his wife entered their car. About five minutes later a blast rang out. A bomb had been throw in front of his car. A Serbian nationalist and member of the Black Hand, Gavrilo Princip, ran up to the car and, with two shots, killed the Archduke and his wife.
Nationalism significantly altered the political structure of Europe; the unstable Balkans were both unknown and feared; and probably all the leaders of all the major powers have some blame for the war. There is little doubt, however as to where the greatest share of responsibility falls. Germany willed on Austria-Hungary; misinterpreted Britain's loyalty; projected an aggressive image with their strong modern army that scared many; and some say even deliberately faced the risk of conflict with France and Russia. Germany was by no means the only reason for the outbreak of war in 1914 but are, without a doubt, the biggest single reason.