The “Sons of Liberty” was a group who led some of the protests and also organized networks to boycott British goods. In 1776 the Stamp Act was repealed. The king and the Parliament both agreed that the Stamp Act was a bad idea but still felt that the colonists needed to be taxed. The Parliament then put out the Declatory Act which asserts the right to tax Britain including all of its colonies. Since Parliament felt that the Colonists still needed to be taxed, the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767 conceived by Charles Townshend was passed.
Although this tax on the tea cost a colonial family just pennies a year. Sam Adams, a kind of leader of the colonists, figured out, that the tax could be raised or lowered by the parliament at will. ( Sam Adams: "The power to tax is the power to destroy!" ).He also pointed out, that the colonists had no representation in the Parliament, and that they can't be taxed without having a representation in there, to care for their interests and wills. However, most people drank tea smuggled in from the Netherlands, so they didn't care very much whether the parliament raises or lowers the taxes.
England then passes the Tea Act taxing imported tea, but also gives the British East Indian Tea co. a complete monopoly, cutting the middleman out of the deal, thus putting American merchants nearly out of business. As time went on, and the British got a little more nervous about the colonies' acts of rebellion, they decide to try and stop it by taking away a basic right, the right to free assembly. This further angers the colonist. England pushes harder on the colonists until an assembly was considered to be two guys meeting on the street. All of this forces the colonists to meet underground.
Not being able to trade with any outside sources other than Great Britain limited the colonists on their amount of imports and exports, which severely damaged the economy. The New England Restraining Act had a great impact on starting the American Revolutionary War. One reason the New England Restraining Act was created was because of the Tea Act in 1773. “The Tea Act of 1773 brought things to a head with a small tax placed on imported tea” (The New England Restraining Act is made law 1). The New England colonies had fought against these taxes because they believed it wasn’t fair.
Colonists were well organized to be against British and their policies of acts involving tea. With the mistake of Lord North, and the allowance of the Tea Company being able to avoid paying duties and sell tea in America for less. Groups in Boston dumped all their property into the harbor rather then having to deal with any other confrontation and accept anything that lowered those standards from Britain. Tea became the symbol of British by their government. Boston was the middle of confrontation on the night of December 16th, 1773.
The theory of the English government being corrupt, was a heavy factor in the mind of the colonists. The idea of the colonists were viewed as tenants was beginning to show through to the American colonies. The major conflicts between the British and the colonies began to surface after the French an Indian war, which is also known as t... ... middle of paper ... ...n to england, until the taxes were paid. Fueled by Samuel Adams, the citizens disguised themselves as Native Americans, boarded the ships in a non-violent manner, and emptied the 342 chests of tea, in the Boston harbor. The colonists refused to pay for the tea, in retaliation the British closed the port, until the damages of the Boston Tea Party were paid off.. At that point Massachusetts was put under military rule.
(http://www.bostonteapartyship.com/History.htm) However, the British government quickly enacted other laws designed to solve monetary problems. Each act was met with resistance. The Boston Tea Party was the final act of focused rage against a Parliamentary law. The Americans were well organized to resist new financial demands placed upon them by the British Parliament. In 1765 the secret organizations known as the Sons and the Daughters of Liberty were created to boycott British products.
The Parliament left the tax on tea to prove to the colonist that they had the Right to tax them. Upset and angry the colonist formed boycotts and caused violence. The first public protest happened in 1765 in Virginia at the House of Burgesses. Patrick Henry protested against the Parliaments actions. He said that "no taxation without representation."
Factors Contributing to the Rebellion of Americans in 1776 Imagine you are an American Colonists just making ends meet as a merchant. There has recently been a war between the French and the British. During the war, you continued to trade with the enemy and smuggle goods, while your colonial assembly repeatedly refused to provide military officials with men and supplies. The war eventually ends, leaving the British with debt and expensive responsibilities to administer newly acquired territory in North America, they received from the French. Believing that the Navigation Acts should be enforced strictly and that the lightly taxed colonists should pay a share of the empire's defense costs, Parliament in March 1765 passes the Stamp Act to raise revenue.
They resisted “taxation without representation”—Britain taxing the colonists without giving them representation in government. Then in 1773 the British Parliament passed the Tea Act. This act was designed to help the nearly bankrupt East India Company by eliminating any tax on tea the company exported to America. The company’s tea, although still subject to the Townshend tax, was now cheaper than the smuggled Dutch tea most Americans drank. However, if the colonists bought it, they would be accepting the British tax.