The Soviet Union had pushed communism towards European countries such as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Hungary, and other small countries. In 1947, the Soviet Union began to take control of Germany. They took control of about half of Germany, including half of Berlin. West Germany not only relied on East Germany for economic supplies and aid, but they also relied on West Germany. Joseph Stalin believed that if he cut off all connections between the now divided Germany, America, Great Britain, and France would be pushed out.
After the Second World War, Germany was seen to be a potential threat if they rose back to power. In order to stop this from happening, the Allied forces split Germany into four different sectors. Each country had it’s own sector that contained districts. The division into these sectors caused the country to become divided (“Allied Occupation of Germany, 1945-52”). The Americans, the British and the French were in charge of the West side while the Soviet Union controlled the East.
Russia, under Lenin's rule called for a world revolution and brought the United States into it. It was not until after WWII, that the cold war really began, when the political power of the world shifted from the center of Europe to Moscow and Washington. The Cold War began after the collapse of Germany in May 1945(http://www.coldwar.org/indexrus.html). The creation of the cold war came from the disagreements for postwar Europe and the Far East. Each superpower, the United States, Britain, France and Russia had their own idea of how postwar Europe should look, and many of their ideas clashed.
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Each area was occupied by either the United States, France, Great Britain, or the Soviet Union, and the same happened to Germany’s capital city, Berlin. The association between the Soviet Union and the other three allied powers fell through and the civilized affair with Germany quickly turned aggressive and competitive. This new relationship between the Allied powers, in 1949, is what drove Germany into West versus East; democracy versus communism. This West versus East division of Germany became official when the three zones occupied by Great Britain, France and the United states all combined to form West Germany. The West was known as the Federal Republic of Germany.
The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again. While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged in a world-wide con... ... middle of paper ... ...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to join NATO.
Later stalin built something like a buffer for invading countries and capitalism and this so called iron curtain divided communist + capitalist countrys east and western europe . The red army fought mostof ww2 and took on nearly all of germanys troops.and after the loss in resources and man power soviets still pushed germans from moscow to berlin and end their front of the war . Truman ends his front with the atomic bomb even after the war ussr and us had conflicting ideas on how europe should be run and how germany sholud be dealt with. the amplified the mistrust that the soviets had with the us a war of ideas what was best for the free world capitalism and free trade or comminism.
The people of Germany were separated from their jobs, their loved ones, and were forced to live under communist rule. Before the wall was built, the city was split, given no notice on Sunday, and “overnight brutally severed streets” (Heilbrunn) became known as ‘Stacheldrahtsonntag’, barbed wire Sunday. Shortly after, the creation of the concrete wall began. During the construction of the wall, there was outrage in West Berlin over the new barbed wire wall that ran through their city. There was outrage in East Berlin as well but it was quickly controlled by their secret police who made many arrests for any who did not want to follow the communist rule and spoke out about it.
With this in mind, Great Britain, France, the United States, and Soviet Russia started the process of recreating Germany (www.history.com). Following much deliberation, the country was divided into four sectors among the main Allied powers, as well as the capitol city of Berlin. World War II may have come to an end, but the political residue of war still lingered. Eventually the Soviet agenda, bent on communism, clashed with the ideals of the Western countries for the German sectors. This put a political barrier around Russia’s sector of Germany and specifically in Berlin that would pave the way for separation among the sectors.
The separation of Germany also helped decide what would happen to the countries whose governments collapsed from Nazi occupancy. At the Yalta conference, Soviet Union gained predominance over Eastern Europe, and using its political influences, the Soviet Union succeeded in turning most of the governments in to communist “puppet” regimes. While the Soviet Union continually turned Eastern Europe to communism, Western Europe decided to use democracy for the new governments. The West then attempted to stop the onslaught of communist politics into more European countries, namely the United States with the Truman Doctrine. This difference between the democratic West and communist East created, to quote Winston Churchill, an “iron curtain” over Europe, dividing it.