Doolittle’s Raid happened April 18th, 1942 and on several Japanese cities including Tokyo. It was the first air-raid on Japan in retaliation from Pearl Harbor’s bombing. It consisted of sixteen B-25B Mitchells, and was led by James Doolittle, but known to by comrades as “Jimmy.” The bombers went without escort, and were launched from the USS Hornet. Doolittle’s Raid was rumored to deal a substantial physiological blow to the Japanese while also massively raising the morale of the US troops. The Battle at Coral Sea set the stage for Midway.
Japan’s main target was suppos... ... middle of paper ... ... plan depended for success on seizing an island perimeter in the western Pacific. The Japanese left Pearl Harbor at 9:55 AM. The United States didn’t think the attack was over though. All in all, 18 American ships and almost 300 airplanes were destroyed or damaged by the Japanese fleets. 2,500 men were killed and 1,000 were injured, but on the downside, 68 civilians were killed and 35 were wounded.
On December 7th 1941, Japanese Planes and submarines attacked the United States Naval base at Pearl Harbor. This event singlehandedly brought the U.S from its then neutral stance in World War Two to a fighting member of the “Allied Powers.” Pearl Harbor was the first of a long series of confrontations between the U.S and the Japanese in an effort to gain control of the Pacific. Unlike the “War in Europe” the Pacific strategy was dominated by naval and aerial battles, with the occasional land-based “Island Hopping” Campaign. As such, one of the most important factors in the war in the pacific was Fleet Size, the more ships a country could send to war, the better. Pearl Harbor was the Japanese’s way of trying to deal with the massive U.S Pacific fleet.
Also Before the battle of Midway happened Japan was building a Pacific empire very quickly and nobody could stop them. After Midway everything in America settled down and Japanese expansion stopped. The battle of Midway was an important battle in history because it was a turning point in Pacific Theatre. The main events that led to the battle of Midway are the attack on Pearl Harbor and the Coral Sea battle. Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor (U.S. naval base), so that the U.S. would not interfere with Japan conquering the Dutch East Indies.
Our fleet was the only real threat to their military plan. When the Japanese planes left the aircraft carriers to attack Pearl Harbor they were detected by our radar operators. The radar operators assumed they were either a large group of birds or some U.S. planes out on a training mission. The first attack by the Japanese started at 7:55 am. Our ships were lined up next to each other.
This was the reason that made the naval battle at Leyte Gulf the largest naval clash between the United States and Japan during World War II. Before the battle even began U.S. carriers were raiding the Philippines and destroying Japanese aircraft based there. These raids brought the Japanese planes down to around two hundred in number. Japanese tacticians were forced to reconsider their options because of this disadvantage. Days before the U.S. convoy planned to invade the Philippines, the Japanese had their plan.
Just after midnight on June 4th,1942, the United States attacked a fleet of Japanese transport ships. One American torpedo plane took out fleet tanker "Akabono Maru". Later that morning at about 6:30am, Japanese planes began bombing midway island installations, though causing minimal damage to the U.S. naval base. Between 9:30am and 10:30am the U.S. took out Japanese aircraft carrier's "Kaga, Akagi, and Soryu". During the battle the Japanese recovered three U.S. naval aviators.
There was no sun, moon nor stars so the weather was in their favor until the morning they launched their attack, which made navigation difficult. On December 2, they received the message, giving them authorization to attack their prey. By that time the Japanese government was convinced that war was necessary. On December 7, they reached their launch position. At 5:30 a, nagumo launched two scout planes.
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto planned the raid as the start of the Pacific Campaign of World War II, and it was commanded by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo who lost 64 servicemen. However, the Pacific Fleet's three Aircraft carrier were not in port and so they was undamaged, as were oil tank farms and machine shops. Using these resources the United States was able to rebound within six months. This attack has been called the Bombing of Pearl Harbor and the Battle of Pearl Harbor but most commonly the Attack on Pearl Harbor or simply Pearl Harbor. The aim of the attack on Pearl Harbor was to neutralize Pacific Fleet in the pacific, if only temporarily near simultaneous coordinated attack.
In less than two hours, two squadrons of Japanese planes had paralyzed the United States Pacific naval forces. World War II captured my imagination of the causation of the events in Pearl Harbor and to understand the nations involved in this war. This paper will examined Japan’s background, reasons, and the goals on the attack on Pearl Harbor. The paper will also expose the reasons why Pearl Harbor was so ill d... ... middle of paper ... ...an certainly understood the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. It is far from the truth that the Japanese attack was brilliant and was perfectly executed.