Symbolic interaction is the process of how dynamic involvement in the life of groups affects the social development of an individual. It is a theory of interaction in which the goal of interactions is to create a shared meaning. Social structure is the arrangements of societies where human beings live to interact with each other. Self is the subject the individual experiences in connections to emotions. It occurs through the interactions of others.
In this concept what is emphasized is we imagine how we must appear to others, we imagine the judgment of others, and we develop our self through the judgments of others. With the interactions, specifically with others one begins to develop a generalized identify about who one is as well as empathy for others based on the judgment one has on that specific person. The most significant restraint of the symbolic interaction theory is the fact that it overlooks macro-social structures, such as norms and culture, basically focusing on micro-level interactions primarily. Some symbolic interactionists, however, would state that the concept of role theory addresses this criticism. This can be related by to my paper because symbolic interaction emphasizes how a magazine, TV, images and other forms of media can truly make a difference and mean a lot to the female population and create cultural/gender
The main concept of Verstehen is to look at society through the eyes of the individual to try to interpret things in a similar manner to which they would themselves. Verstehen has various criticisms. It is possible that observation may be influenced by personal bias. Direct observation also requires prior knowledge of the culture being studied. Also, Verstehen assumes that people in society rationally consider their actions, which may not always be the case.
Symbolists believe that meaning is socially constructed through subjective meanings given by organizational members. This meaning is anyway dependent on the context and for organizations the context is given by culture. Therefore the use of language is basic because it helps to spread and introduce new ideas inside the organization and then modify culture so that also organization vary. Post-modernism argued that there is no truth, that language is instable so that the interpretation is subjective. They defined organizations as virtual places where sort of roles are played by characters of the organization.
This is done primarily to control the conduct of others, especially the potentially negative responsive treatment towards the stigmatized person. Linking behaviour to personal values and belief systems, Mills (1940) adds to this discussion by claiming that motives are the terms used by social actors, to organize and guide their conduct. The actor and the audience, as a means to bring order to a situation, justify and confirm behaviour and mediate the reactions of others using the vocabulary of motives. Thus, motiv... ... middle of paper ... ...ng. And as suggested by Mills’ (1940) “Rather than interpreting actions and language as external manifestations of subjective and deeper lying elements in individuals, the research task is the locating of particular types of action within typal frames of normative actions and socially situated clusters of motive” (p. 913).
Humans understand their self-concept starting with self-differentiation. Cooley developed the theory of looking-glass self which argues human development is developed through social interactions with others. Cooley argued that humans develop self-concept through two
What draws the line between good and evil? Individuals have the power to choose either one in their actions. Do factors such as a situation, the environment, or a learned behavior have an influence on human behavior? Individuals are influenced by situations which make them behave differently than normal. Individuals have the need to be accepted in society.
George Herbert Mead forwarded the Symbolic interaction theory that comprises of three principles; meaning, language, and thought. The theory asserts that people give particular meanings to objects, events, and actions, and hence behave according to these interpretations (Griffin, Ledbetter & Sparks, 2015, p. 54). Individuals use the different interpretations they accord to others to form social bonds. They decide on who to interact with and who not and how to do so. The Symbolic Interaction theory proposes the concept of “the looking glass self” where people mind what others think of them.
Symbolic interactionism distinguishes between the social self by separating it into the ‘I’ (the self that thinks and acts), and the ‘Me’ (The self that is presented to the world) (Ibid:23). Theorists believe that the ‘Me’ is the part of the individual that is shaped by society and managed by the ‘I’, others argue that the ‘I’ is equally influenced by external relationships and influences (Ibid:24). The concept of the “Looking Glass Self” shows how large structures of social feedback can influence individual behaviour (ibid). There are three elements within this concept; the individual visualizing how others see them; thinking about how others judge them; and, finally, the feelings that it gives an individual to influence their behaviour (Ibid). For example if a high school student is constantly getting into trouble at school, teachers, administration, and his peers may use social sanctions such as calling him/her ‘delinquent’ or gossip.
So, he inferred that what we define as real will become real as a result. However, it also believes that self-identity and sense are shaped by social interaction self-concept is developed by how others interact with us and label us. The scope of Social Exclusion In fact, there are broad scope of social exclusion. Nevertheless, some scholars tried to make clear for those. Silver (1994) emphasized that people could be excluded from a livelihood, consumption level education, skills, citizenship participation in the democratic process, the dominant race, ethnicity, class, sociability etc.