Essay On Social Competence And Social Skills

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What is the difference between social competence and social skills? Social competence is the condition of possessing the social, emotional, and intellectual skills and behaviors needed to succeed as a member of society. Social skills are the skills we use to communicate and interact with each other, both verbally and non-verbally, through gestures, body language and our personal appearance. Both components are essential/beneficial, allowing a person to have a set of skills needed for social interaction, however a problem occurring today is the lack of these skills in special needs students. Students with disabilities have difficulties establishing relationships and/or expressing their feelings. These students can gain social competence and social skills through the creation of an efficient learning environment and demonstration of the development of interaction and affective & cognitive skills through varying activities. Many students with disabilities have a difficult time developing social competence and social skills because they are often isolated, which causes them to have a harder time developing peer relationships. Even though there are programs such as inclusive classrooms – the integration of special education and general education settings – this interaction does not naturally lead to social success, however it “is promoted in planned environments in which general and special education teachers aim to prevent social problems and intervene to address problem behaviors.” (Meadan and Monda-Amaya 159). Because teachers cannot only rely on inclusion there needs to be an additional promotion of social skills, such as environmental arrangement, planned activities, and naturalistic strategies that are integrated in a natural flo... ... middle of paper ... ...a variety of social skills. Therefore, if we implement these skills at an early age, these children will be able to apply them to their everyday lives and communicate with others more efficiently. Social competence can be taught in special needs students through an encouraging environment and the demonstration of developing social skills through several activities. This project is important because it encourages students to express their emotions appropriately, show empathy for others, build positive relationships, and generally make good decisions. Special needs students are less socially assertive than other students, so to inspire them to build social competence is essential to future psychosocial aspects. Helping them connect with others and build peer relationships allows them to become acquainted with social norms and be a successful member of society overall.
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