“Today 41% of all births were to unmarried women.”(Hymowitz). Single parent families have a detrimental effect on the psychological development of children because single parent families lack financial stability and quality parenting, in addition to lacking a stress free environment. According to the 2012 Census Bureau report, in 2012 the average household family income was around $51,017 dollars a year. The income is nearly split in half for the income of a single parent. Single parents are often financially unstable, decreasing opportunity and lifestyle quality for their children.
Introduction In the child development and family studies field, family dynamics are important, and different categories of families can influence family cohesion, children’s physical and psychological growth, marriages and etc. Recently, the divorce rate has increased, and more and more people choose to cohabitant without marriage. According to U.S. Census Bureau, there are 44% of people that over 18 are single (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014.7a). For family dynamics, large number of single people may lead to single-parent families. According to Family Conflict, single-parent families prevail children who are raised by only one parent live in their households (Canary, 2013).
Only 41% of people aged 65 and older support gay marriage. The support rates vary inversely with age, and a whopping 70% of people aged 18 to 29 are in favor (“The Facts About Gay Marriage” 2). This means that by the time the younger generation takes charge of the nation, things will begin to change. As David Brooks put it, “We shouldn’t just allow gay marriage. We should insist on gay marriage.
Everyone has a family, rather it is with your biological relatives or long-time friends. A lot of people have been raised in different types of households rather it is with a grandparent or a foster parent. Everyone has their own individual story of their particular support system. In most cases, people have been raised with both parents, which is ideal in this society. As years gone by, a lot of changes have occurred within raising a family, whether it be getting raised by a LGBT couple or being raised by a sibling.
The divorce rate for couples in second marriages was 58 percent (smartmarraiges.com). Then there are those couples who have thought about divorce, but for different reasons decided to stay married. A Gallup Poll in the United States found that 40 percent of married individuals had considered leaving their partners, and 20 percent said they were dissatisfied with their marriage about half the time (Olson and Defrain 1994, p. 6). According to the U.S. Census, the total numbers of U.S. divorces reported finalized annually were 957,200 in 2000 and 944,317 in 1998. If Americans keep this rate up, we will proudly be reporting years from now, an annual divorce rate of higher numbers than we would like to think of (www.census... ... middle of paper ... ...ore than a legally binding piece of paper between two people.
But the characteristics of individual family members have changed across generations over the past years. Now, mothers are the only or supporting provider for the family. On the other hand, many fathers choose to stay home and take care of the children. Although families all around the world underwent unprecedented modifications that changed the form of nations, there are still traditional family patterns; father, mother, and children. Such huge changes in the structure of the family, immigration, and work have transformed the daily lives of children and their way of living.
The same Pew study reports that approximately 50 percent of adults over age 18 marry; this number is compared to 72 percent in 1960." That 's a big difference over time. They also find that "The Pew Research Center findings show that most of the rise in non-marital births is among couples living together." Many experts believe that cohabitating couples has a greater risk of instability vs. marriage. They even think you should get married before your child turns 3 in order to have a greater chance of keeping the relationship together.
Some of the economic factors affecting this types of families insufficient money, health care needs and child care. The loss of a job or a fire can be an economic factor for this types of families. In the case of single parent family, a single mother without support will have economic difficulties if she works in a minimum salary, fulltime and paying child care. Extended family is common in the United Stated. One of the reasons is economy.
Immigration affects the stability of the family as a whole because of the transition that they face. These immigrant families begin to face challenges that non-immigrant families in America face such a divorce. The binational longitudinal study results showed that children of immigrants were less likely to live with married parents (59% vs. 53%) and more likely to live with cohabiting parents (29% vs. 20%) than children in the United States (Landale, Oropesa, Noah, 2014). As a result of immigration, stability in the family is non-existent.
“More than one third of children in the United States are living without a father in the household”(Andersen). The U.S. has become lenient with divorce; however studies now show there could be more than just having one parent to care for the child. The United States also sees this issue from a selective perspective; there are many assumptions with children living in a single parenting household. The issues of economic hardship, quality of parenting, and exposure to stress. It is believed that not having the perfect family can compromise a family’s idea of a “perfect family” due to the limited resources, reasoning and emotional support.