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Essay On Similarities Between Buddhism And Christianity

There are several major world religions all with their own belief system. The oldest organized religion is Hinduism which began in the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world today. Buddhism which is rooted in Hinduism spread from India to China and Japan at the same time that a new world religion, Christianity, was developing within the Roman Empire. Christianity is the world’s largest religion today. There are several key similarities and differences between the belief systems of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity in regard to their development, their basic ideology, and how their specific ideology is expressed in the arts.
How, when and why these three religions developed is extremely
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Hinduism believes in the teachings of one human man, the Buddha, the “Enlightened One”. The ultimate objective of a Buddhist is to reach nirvana which is a state of enlightenment where a person no longer desires or suffers and is at peace. The Buddha taught the Four Noble Truths. Fiero lists the Four Noble Truths as “pain is universal, desire causes pain, ceasing to desire relieves pain, and right conduct leads to release from pain” (11). The Buddha believed and taught that insight and knowledge come from following the Eightfold Path (Middle Way). Fiero states that the Eightfold Path includes “right views, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration” (11). If a person follows the Eightfold Path which leads to insight and knowledge then they could ultimately achieve nirvana. A Buddhist that avoids suffering and gains enlightenment is then released from what Fiero calls the “endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth” (11). Only then has a person accomplished extinction of the Self or salvation. The aspect of the release from the cycle of rebirth is similar to the goal of a Hindu and like Hinduism; Buddhism encourages moral behavior in order to attain inner

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