Specifications are written instruction concerning project requirements. The specification is one of the contract documents consisting of the written requirements for materials, equipment, construction systems, standards and workmanship for the work, as well as performance of related services. Construction specifications will usually provide a number of lists as well, including the materials that are to be used, where they are to be used, and how much should be used. Construction specifications will also usually provide a time by which the project should be completed or at least finish by the deadline. This will likely be the major factor in determining whether an interested contractor bids on a project.
They will hire professional consultant to design the project in detail, prepare tender documentation, to include drawings, work schedules and bills of quantities. The architect in the design team usually acts as the contract administrator and issues the interim certificate. (Field, Seymour, Parkes, Solicitor, 2012) Contract administrator is responsible for disputing resolution procedure, unless stated in the contract, and certifying payment. There will be a separation between the design and construction work. The client will appoint a main contractor who will be responsible for the whole construction operation.The main contractor will hire several sub contractor to undertake individual work packages.
Question Evaluate how project managers are able to add value to the construction process Answer The project manager in construction project can add value to the client in various aspect. By definition, A project manager is the person who is accountable for the accomplishment of the stated project objectives. He is the key person for the construction project management. To evaluate the essence of project manager, we examine its value adding elements throughout the entire construction process. DESIGNING PHASE 1.
It is the contractor’s duty to complete the building in accordance with specifications mentioned in the contract. The contract management start before the contract formation it involves tendering negotiating and contract signing Contract initiation includes drafting and tendering, contract negotiation include contract sum, time period, payment procedural changes. Contract signing involves approval of the contract by both the parties and signing the documents. Once the contract is signed between the contactor and owner contract execution Contract analysis and closing of contract will be the part of the contractor’s contract manager Contract execution includes audit compliances, amendments, notification, alerts and reports. Contract analysis include details, resources optimizations.
These consultants are usually led by an Architect/Project Manager and will usually also include a Quantity Surveyor, Mechanical and Structural engineer and possibly other designers. This team will collectively advise the Client, design the project, control costs and supervise the project through to completion. They will also supply all design and specification information to the Main Contractors whom are competitively tendering to carry out the works. The Contractors will then submit their tender including their Bill of Quantities based on this information and the most appropriate bidder will be appointed to carry out the works. Although supervised by the architect, the design team and the appointed main contractor can have direct access to the client, however, the contractor is responsible for all the construction team, sub-contractors and suppliers which also makes him liable for their performance.
Quantity surveying is the profession that combines formal qualification with training and experience that provides a general set of skills which are then applied to different types of problems within the construction industry. Quantity Surveyor’s work in professional quantity surveying practices, and in a number of other organisations, including local government bodies and agencies, contractors and specialist sub-contractors, developers, financial, legal and insurance companies. In the department of quantity surveying there are three different types of the quantity surveyors, namely professional quantity surveyors, contractor’s quantity surveyors and consultant quantity surveyors. Quantity surveyors are required to work on site and also in the office. A quantity surveyor will use their training and experience to do the quantity taking off for a specific building project, and determine the cost of that particular project.
Traditionally clients personally entered into contract with separate trades to accomplish their building. Nowadays in most countries clients adopt a person or company who undertakes to purchase and carry the required materials and equipments as well as bringing the trade and labors to carry out the whole work or the main part of the construction work. The undertaken person or company is so called as ‘builder’ or ‘general contractor’ (Huges et al, 2015). Progress in construction technology led to development of the significant role of designers who understood the new technologies. The need for measurement and estimating the cost of projects led to establishment of the quantity surveying.
Duplication of supplies will occur if proper records of the construction are not kept. Reviews and changes of the bills of quantities also need to be done to ensure that there are enough materials to complete the building (Mette & Hass, 2003). In the case that there are new suppliers to the construction, the documents and terms of the construction have to be consulted to enable the new supplier work within the requirements of the building. If such documents and terms are not well stored and distributed, it would be difficult to pass such instructions. Moreover, all buildings have various professionals handling different parts; the documents and instructions of all these professionals must be kept safe for retrieval when needed.
Who’s to blame if a building is built to the specifications and drawings, and the building doesn’t stand. The contractor is responsible for constructing the design provided to it This paper also goes over some past court cases. And how they turned out the way they did The design risk can be held by any of the parties, the employer should be making sure that the contractor and the engineer are kept close at all times constantly in contact with any queries about drawings specifications, quantities, buildablility and design deficiencies to the permanent work design. It explained the finer details of how a job can go wrong and who would be responsible in what occasion, the scenarios and outcomes are all found in the Red Book. Buildablility design risk: current case law The case Thorn v the mayor and commonalty.
One area covers several aspects of operations and needs adequate knowledge. Construction manager, frequently called general temporary workers or venture supervisors, arrange and oversee a wide assortment of tasks, including the working of a wide range of open, private, business, and modern structures, and additionally streets, commemorations, and scaffolds. Either a general contractual worker or a construction chief will supervise the construction period of a venture, despite the fact that a construction director may likewise counsel with the customer amid the outline stage to refine construction arranges and control