Essay On Quarantine

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Biology HSC Course- Search for Better Health- Critical Response Essay
“Quarantine in Australia has been highly effective in preventing the spread of disease and exotic plants or animals into or across this country”

Introduction
As Australia is isolated by oceans, it has been able to avoid the spread of disease very well. However as barriers between nations become less and trade and travel increase, the problem of preventing the spread of disease increases.
The spread of animal and plant disease in Australia costs Australia both economically and environmentally. Some diseases have costed Australia Billions.
An example of plant disease quarantine in Australia is Black Sigatoka. An example of animal disease quarantine in Australia is the Exotic Fruit Flies.
Although Australia’s Quarantine still needs to improve, it has become effective through the use of many different quarantine methods
Role of Quarantine in Australia
The role of quarantine in Australia is to prevent disease, animals and plants from spreading into and across the country.
Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) is the organisation in charge of enforcing quarantine legislation. They work under the Department of Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry.
Australia uses a variety of methods to deal with pests and disease. Some of these include:
• Luggage inspection using x-ray machines
• Sniffer dogs
• Disposal bins
• Genetic engineering
• Chemical control
• Fines and border checks
• Public awareness
Plant Quarantine
When plants and plant products come into Australia they are examined by the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service for diseases and pathogens. They also check soil on machinery, shoe etc. for pathogens. There is a list of plants and plant...

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...aks of Fruit Flies since 1995. Also from that outbreak an effective eradication method developed.
Overall Effectiveness of Quarantine in Australia
Although Australia has had outbreaks in the diseases mentioned above, they have been successfully eradicated. A comparative example of another country’s quarantine is Africa where there are outbreaks of Fruit Flies and Black Sigatoka. These diseases are out of control and are damaging the economics of Africa’s agricultural industry. This indicates that Australia has effective quarantine methods.
The statement: “Quarantine in Australia has been highly effective in preventing the spread of disease and exotic plants or animals into or across this country” is mostly true as Australia has been fairly effective in the quarantine of plants and animals; however there is still need for improvement as there have been outbreaks.

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