The role of a project manager has been the subject of numerous publications that have attempted to provide a precise set of qualities and responsibilities for the job title. However, the job role is so encompassing that there are still many different schools of thought on the subject and much debate over the precise terminology to best describe a project manager. This paper analyzes five such publications, and attempts to rationalize their research into a cohesive and comprehensive description of the roles of project manager. This paper establishes the roles of the project manager in the current setting in order that a newcomer to the subject matter will be able to understand the concepts as it relates to modern technology and business practices.
An important part of the engineering business is project management. Project management is the use of planning, organising and controlling of assets, processes and people in the service of a goal. This usually involves a project manager and his team members. The project manager has overall responsibility for the project and his team. The primary aim of project management is too achieve the project goals and to optimise the needed inputs and combine them to further the aims of the project. (1)
A project is a task that is performed by a temporary organization in order to achieve a predetermined result. Projects are not limited in size or in persons involved but are always temporal and have a clear start and a clear end . Projects can be used for different kinds of assignments, but most commonly they are used for realizing visions or business goals . It is important to have a clear distinction between the project activities and the line organization activities to ensure that there is no confusion about who performs what . Working in projects requires project management but it is often ignored . However organizations that use project management experience better customer relationships, shorter development times, higher reliability and a clearer orientation towards goals . For well functioning project management it is important to have a supporting function, generally called a Project Management Office (PMO). The PMO is responsible for developing and administrating project methodology. It should have a resource and competence centre where education as well as administrative support is offered. The PMO is also responsible for distributing the results and experiences from finished projects to the rest of the organization .
The first communication strategy is Motivation. Getting others to care about the project will result in meeting deadlines and staying focused until completion. Leaders have used many ways to motivate
The key purpose of project management is to used current software to predict as many risks and problems as possible; and then to plan task and assign resources so that the project is completed as ordered by the customer or client while keeping within the time frame given. Project managers must deal with the ever-present element of risk, both foreseen and unexpected, the use of project management means some of this risks can be identified in good time and so a solution can be created before the risk has a chance to happen. On large scale or very complex projects, a well skilled project manager will be able to use project management software to decide rather or not the overall aim of the project is even possible with the budget and resources given.
According to project management institute, a project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result. Project is unique in a sense that it is not a day to day operation, instead it is a specific set of operations designed to complete an specific goal (“What is project management?,” 2016). A project is any unique venture which consists of a beginning and an end, carried out by people in order to meet predefined targets with parameters of cost, schedule and quality. In any project, there is temporary assembling of people and resources that are given specific objectives to complete within fixed budget and fixed time period. Hence, project can be defined as an organized work or a unique and risky venture, planned towards completing defined tasks or goals like social or economic goals, that requires resources, budget and time and performances (Field & Keller, 1997).
For more than 25 years, The Little Black Book of Project Management has been introducing project managers to the incredibly effective and logical project management skill and methods to help them achieve their goal. This book has been flooded with very nee project management techniques as well as the latest standards of the Project management body of Knowledge (PMBOK) .accepted by PMI (Project Management Institute).
Kevin Lonergan (n.d.) describes project management as the development of a project plan, which includes defining and confirming project goals and objectives, identifying tasks and how goals will be achieved, quantifying the resources needed, and determining budgets and timelines for completion.
The communication plan will help in maintain control over the project and to make sure that
Westerveld, E., The Project Excellence Model®: linking success criteria and critical success factors, International Journal of Project Management, Volume 21, Issue 6, August 2003, Pages 411-418. Science Direct [Accessed 10th February 2014]
Project management involves all activities that encompass scheduling, planning, and controlling projects. A successful project manager ensure that an organization’s resources are being used both efficiently and effectively. Most projects need to be uniquely developed require a sense of customization and the ability to adapt to any posed challenges. The scope of effective project management includes defining what the project is and what is being expected to be accomplished. Projects are imposed to fulfill a certain need and project managers must have the ability to create the proper definition. Goals and the means used to attain those goals have to be clearly stated. Project Managers must also have the ability to plan
A project manager should have a clear vision of the desired outcome and he/she should be aware of
When planning a new project, how the project will be managed is one of the most important factors. The importance of a managers will determine the success of the project. The success of the project will be determined by how well it is managed. Project management is referred to as the discipline that entails the processes of carefully planning, organizing, controlling, and motivating the organization resources so as to foster and facilitate the achievement of specific established and desired goals and meet the specific criteria of success required in the organization (Larson, 2014). Over the course of this paper I will be discussing and analyzing the importance of project management.
The project management plan will help the organization to manage all the foreseeable risks in a timely, proactive, effective, and appropriate manner. The aim of the project management process is to maximize the chances of the project achieving its objectives, while minimizing the risks and keeping them at an acceptable level. The scope and objective of the risk management plan are as follows:
Project planning falls in the Planning Process Group which consists of those processes to establish the projects total scope, define the projects objectives, and courses of action to achieve those objectives. During the planning process, all the documents that are needed to carry the project through the project lifecycle will be developed such as the project management plan. Project management requires repeated feedback loops as additional information becomes available and is better understood. The planning process delineates the strategy, tactics, and path to successfully complete the project. With that, the planning of a project must walk through all the those processes from executing, monitoring and controlling through the closing process.