Moms who Kill The artical I read was called Moms who Kill by Mark Levy. I found the artical on psychologytoday.com. In the artical it discusses how common and how dangerous postpartum depression really is. Up to 80 percent of new mothers experience some kind of depresson up to one year after giving birth. Known to most as the "Baby Blues" a mild depression that if continues can be come something much more powerful and even more dangerous.
Postpartum Major Depression Postpartum major depression is a type of depression that affecting as many as eighty percent of new mothers at some point in their childs first few weeks of infancy. Scientists have categorized their findings on postpartum depression into three basic categories. These include: the conditions surrounding the birth of the child, diagonosis and treatment of the disease, and the the long term affects of postpartum depression on the mother`s child. Postpartum major depression is not to be confused with Postpartum Psychosis, which is a rare condition with some bizarre symptoms including: confusion and disorientation, hallucinations and delusions, paranoia, and attempts to harm oneself or the baby. One mother who suffered from postpartum major depression accompanied by postpartum psychosis was convinced that the world was to evil to raise children in and proceeded to drown her five children.
“After giving birth the women's hormones diminish, and about 8 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression.” They struggle with sensitivity, distress, and depression. While experiencing postpartum depression the mothers can feel very stressful and troublesome while taking care of their child. If the mothers are dealing with these kind of symptoms of postpartum depression, the mother may end up neglecting or physically abusing the the baby. Berger, Kathleen Stassen . The Developing Person Through the Life Span.
It is more serious than “baby blues” and it makes things very hard for the mother and ultimately the baby. Psychotic depression is depression secondary to a psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia. Seasonal affective disorder is depression caused during the winter months and returns every year. It was not noted what type of depression the patient had, but on observation and by reviewing her medical charts it seems as though the patient was experiencing persistent depressive disorder and perinatal depression. I believe that she suffers from persistent depressive disorder because it was mentioned in her chart that she has been in the system off and on since 2008.
A large meta-analysis reported that up to 18% of women experience depressed mood during pregnancy with nearly 13% having an episode that would meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) diagnostic criteria for a major depressive disorder. Furthermore, postpartum depression affects 10-22% of adult women and up to 26% of adolescent mother. The prevalence of general anxiety disorder has been estimated at 8.5% in pregnancy, but there is little research on the impact on pregnancy outcomes. Evidence indicate women with bipolar disorder are vulnerable to high rate of recurrence without continued treatment. Three retrospective studies reported 45-52%bipolar disorder recurrence rate during pregnancy.
Postpartum Depression-Teaching Project On the Mom and Baby unit at Memorial hospital, patient J.P. was chosen for the purpose of a postpartum depression (PPD) teaching project. The project was discussed with the patient on Wednesday, March 5th and verbal consent was provided. PPD is moderate to severe depression that may occur shortly after delivery or up to one year after. Signs and symptoms may include anxiety, extreme sadness, mood swings, increased crying, trouble sleeping, decreased concentration, and decreased appetite. Often times, these symptoms are referred to as the “baby-blues” which may last a few days or weeks and resolve on their own.
Mental illness has been a reality not only for Yates but for millions of women throughout the country. Depression tends to be one of the most prevalent consequences of childbearing as 50% of new mothers report slight bouts of depression, 10% have manic depression and .2% suffer from psychosis(2). Yonkers et. al, further investigated postpartum depression rates for minority women in comparison to their Caucasian counterparts. After conducting a postpartum three trial screening which included the Structured Clinical Interview, it was found that depression rates for Latino, Blacks and White racial groups was between 6.5% to 8.5% (3).
Each element of PPD is different to each new mother and can be differentiated by the extent and symptoms of the condition. As we all know, the baby blues are what happens just a few days after giving birth. But when they persist for over a week, thats when one should consult with their doctor. Psychotherapist Karen Kleiman, founder and head of The Postpartum Stress Center in Rosemont, Pennsylvania, states that “ Full blown postpartum depression is more serious and persistent. The symptoms include feelings of guilt, fear, loneliness, helplessness, failure; crying jags; insomnia; loss of appetite; withdrawing from friends and family.
PPD is a condition that occupies the middle ground between the common baby blues and post-partum psychosis (Harvard2011). A new mother affected by the baby blues will have an onset of feelings such as sadness, anxiety and irritability generally peaking by the fifth day post-partum and subsides gradually within two days following; post-partum psychosis is an uncommon condition affecting one to two out of every 1000 post-partum women, it is a life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical attention, the extent of the symptoms can vary from a fluctuating mood state to delusions, and hallucinations. (Harvard2011). These episodes can occur as early as 48 hours after delivery, the majority of the episodes occur within the first two weeks post-partum (RNAO). Statistics and Diagnosing PPD In a meta-analysis of 59 studies conducted it was shown that approximately... ... middle of paper ... ...symptoms in new parents is that it does focus on the somatic symptoms of depression such as fatigue, decrease in appetite and energy and other symptoms that are common in new parents.
Postpartum depression is a serious mood disorder experienced by women after giving birth. This complex disorder can shatter mothers mind, body and spirit and end their dreams of what they expected motherhood to be. Health professionals estimate that between 15 and 20 percent of women who have recently given birth will be affected by postpartum depression (Stone, 2008). 700,000 new moms each year develops postpartum depression (Veng & Mcloskey, 2007). Postpartum depression affects more than just the mom.