Noma causes tissue deterioration. The gums and lining of the cheeks become inflamed and develop ulcers that develop bad smelling drainage, that cause bad breath and foul smelling skin. The infection spreads through the skin, and the tissues in the lips and cheeks deteriorate. Eventually destruction of the bones cause deformity and tooth loss. If left untreated, the disease can become fatal.
If you have diabetes, you probably know that uncontrolled blood sugar levels can negatively affect various organs in your body, including the heart, kidneys, nerves and eyes; however, did you know that inconsistent blood glucose levels can also lead to periodontal disease? Periodontal disease often leads to dental pain which can make chewing difficult. There is also the possibility of tooth loss. Periodontal Disease Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection of the bone and gum. If you are diabetic, you are at greater risk of developing infections, including periodontal disease.
Medications cause dry mouth and reduce the cleaning ability of saliva. This causes plaque and tartar to build up more easily. The use of tobacco is another leading cause of gum disease. The healing process of gums is much slower causing bacteria to destroy tissue; people with diabetes are at a greater risk of developing gum disease diabetes could possibly cause thickening of blood vessels, which makes it more difficult to carry nutrients to the gum
Pneumonia is very commonly found in people with poor oral health because of the extreme buildup of bacteria which is being taken in constantly (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society). Too much bacteria will cause the body to remove which causes the bacteria to buildup in the respiratory tracts, causing inflammation and fluid buildup which is pneumonia. Gingivitis is the lowest form of periodontal diseases, which is an inflammatory disease of the gums, caused from an excessive buildup of plaque on the gum line. Gingivitis causes painful inflammation, swelling, irritation, and bleeding of the gums. The inflammation from gingivitis can be detrimental to people with type two diabetes, making it even harder to keep their blood sugar levels normal (Usborne par.
“Gum Disease was report to be leading cause to other health problems” (American Dental Hygienist Association). When your gums turn black they are starting to rot and your gums will start to become swollen. When brush your teeth and they start to bleed, that will cause the bacteria to enter the blood stream. The bacteria from plaque build up can cause illnesses like heart disease. Gum disease can cause you’re your teeth to become sensitive, making them become loose or removed by the dentist.
“The feeding results in plaque, which is a gummy film that covers the teeth. The plaque will then harden and form tartar. Tartar and other toxic byproducts when left unchecked can lead to much more serious problems of inflammation and infection of the gums. In more serious cases, the body fighting back could lead to weakening of the tooth root structure and inevitably needing to be replaced with dentures.” (Vinocur) Quoting Cherae Farmer-Dixon, D.D.S., project director of community-based dental education at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, "We don't see the dentist unless our teeth bother us." Johnson goes on, “the big problem with the wait-'til-it-hurts plan is that periodontal or gum disease--the leading cause of tooth loss--is often painless in its early form.
Gingivitis is a type of periodontal disease and is when the gums are inflamed. The gums in the teeth destroy the tissues because of the inflammation and infection known as periodontal disease (MedlinePlus n. pag.). Gingivitis typically precedes periodontitis but it is important to understand that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis (“Gum Disease” n. pag.).
Excessive dry mouth, another side effect of the pills, can cause an increase of bacteria in the mouth, which can cause tooth decay. (Mayo Clinic, 2012) This malnourishment causes other organs to become damaged which “may not be fully reversible, even when the anorexia is under control.” (Mayo Clinic,
These toxins irritate the gums and cause the body¡¯s natural defenses to kick in. When the inflammatory response has been triggered for a while it causes the tissues that support the teeth and bone to break down. The gums begin to pull away from the tooth and a pocket forms. A pocket is a space between the gums and teeth. The deeper the pocket is (in millimeters), the further the gums are from the tooth, and the more advanced the Periodontal disease is.
Periodontitis is the gum disease that was left untreated and it can lead to severe damage. When gingivitis advances to periodontitis, periodontitis makes the gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces. The spaces sort of like gaps, are more prone for it to get infected with bacteria. When the bacteria grow below the gum line, the body tries to fight off the infection. The body might break down the bone and the connective tissue that holds the teeth because the bacteria might grow in the tissue.