On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded and caused the largest marine oil spill in history. The platform sank about 5,000 feet underwater. The BP oil spill poured 4.2 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. These oil spills are largely compared but were cause by completely different events. They had similar effects/damage, however.
Oil pollution comes from oil tankers accidents and leaks in offshore drilling equipment. Another source of pollution comes from land, which is thrown to the ground in cities and industrial zones, which are then carried by underground water streams, ending up in the oceans. Million tons of crude oil is transported per year across the seas. Unfortunately, accidents do happen at sea and oil spill accidents in the loading and unloading in ports. In addition, due to bad practices, service trucks needed to maintain and clean oil tankers often returned contamined.
Identify and Define Problem: Oil spills is contamination of the environment, especially marine area due to oil spillage from various kind of sources. The world production of crude oil increases from 59 million barrels at year 1980 to 79 million barrels at year 2015. Massive production of crude oil will need massive transportation and of course associated with risk of oil spills. Nearly 100 million gallons of oil spill into the ocean and other waterways per year. The graph below shows the oil spills incident is increasing throughout the years: Oil spills can be caused by several reasons: • Aging/breakdown of oil tankers and equipment • Careless mistakes done by humans • Natural disasters • Deliberate acts by terrorists • Pipeline breaks and leaks • Ships collision When the oil spilled into the ocean, it spread out on the water surface very rapidly to form a thin layer of oil which is known as oil slick.
One of the most popular is the Guimaras oil spill, considered as a major disaster to date in terms of volume of oil spill and environmental impacts. Gross damages from the oil spill is placed at over a billion in 2006 with net damages at over PhP 352 million. Attribution of the total cost across ecosystems is based from the area and the productivity. The worst affected are coral reefs because of the total area affected covered over 27 km2. (Padilla,
This would cause the pipe to burst, which has a high probability of leading to oil being spilled. The average number of marine spills per year has increased from 47 per year (1968-1977) to 188 ruptures and 228 leakages per year (Jernelöv 2010). Oil spills are detrimental to the environment, and every year, about 1% of the oil being shipped across the ocean (around 1.5 billion tons of oil) is spilled (Jernelöv 2010). One particular article mentions that there are two types of spills: shore-bound surface spills and the deep-ocean oil spills. Surface oil spills are more detrimental to the health of species that occupy that space, such as seabirds.
Extensive damage was done to the environme... ... middle of paper ... ...e 1-2. 14 Nov. 2014. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/BP%2c+firms+made+risky+decisions+before+spill%3a+re... “BP shares hit 6-month high after Shell takeover report.” Oil & Gas News. Jan 10, 2011: Page 1-2. 14 Nov. 2014. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/BP+hit+6-month+high+after=Shell+takeover+report Chelette, Tim “Options for Dealing with a Spill.” Climate & Energy. Copyright 2010 Oceana: page 1 14 Nov. 2014. http://na.org/en/our-work/climate-energy/offshore-drilling/learn-act/options-for-dea “The Spill- By the Numbers.” Climate & Energy.
3. Brought new challenge to the America government response to crisis, with a negative impact on the credibility and the ruling ability of the government. At the same time, it to a certain extent affected the use of global oil resources, especially marine deepwater oil and gas development. Although the explosion, leakage and pollution and a series of accidents brought huge losses and serious effect for people life, the property of the company, and even the local people's life. However, the whole process of BP PLC dealing with the incident, in technical measures, reaction speed or even incident response taken was a success.
From the explosion of the completion of the sealing (announced by BP), over 780 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the sea, causing irreversible pollution and damage to the bio-system in this area and the world (Lofgren 2013). BP’s response, however, is considered as a crisis communication failure (Heller 2012) by some people and others believe BP’s response was effective (Mejri & de Wolf 2013). This essay revolves around this incident and BP’s response, and analyses the effectiveness of BP’s crisis communication with relevant theories and concepts in the area of communication management. This essay
This destruction not only cause health problem, but also be responsible for millions of dollars in lost revenue. Stakeholder:- People organization or groups that have a direct or indirect interest in a one particular organization or surrounding are called stakeholders. Affected Stakeholder:- * BP Oil Company * Government * Local Business * Employees * Wild life * Environment * Shareholder of BP All the above stakeholders impacted by oil spill but differently unfortunately, the oil spilled into the ocean and killing all the fish and wash off the coast spread through rivers, affecting the fishermen and BP company affected by because they need to clean all this was to be able to cover the costs, and bad publicity the oil spill has affected governments w... ... middle of paper ... ...t Feinberg try to reflect on matter. CONCLUSION At the end I come to conclusion that BP was not properly prepared for any disaster like that there risk assessment related to project is very limited and even not considered seriously about it for their own progress and putting live of public and employees in danger by not following the standard SOP of particular project. Even after incident happened they try to close their eyes on reality.
The Deep Horizon oil spill The Deep-water horizon oil spill is one of the largest oil spills in history. The spill occurred due to several factors including system failure and human error. The spill not only affected the wildlife and economy of the gulf but the entire United States as goods and service that were once available were no longer available. As a result of the oil spill Bp was forced to pay billions of dollars to restore the damages that they have caused. In addition, the oil and gas industry have changes there practices and are working with the government under new laws and regulation to prevent a future oil spill.