Essay On National Health Care System

1475 Words6 Pages
Each country has different guidelines in their healthcare system. There are four main models including: the Beveridge, Bismarck, National Health Insurance, and Out-of-Pocket model. Although,they may be different, they have the same goals. The main goal are keep their citizens healthy, protect people from getting into financial debt with medical bills, and treat the ill. The Beveridge system was named after Mr. William Beveridge. He is the designer of Britain’s National Health Service. Health care is given to the citizens and the funds are provided with tax payments in the government. In this system, the government owns majority of the hospitals and clinics. It is based on taxes not insurance. The doctors work as government employees or private…show more content…
system, Bismarck plans must cover everyone and do not earn a profit. Bismarck countries have mostly private hospitals and doctors. Countries such as the Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Germany, Belgium, some of Latin America, and Japan use this system. Countries using this model use greater costs and less efficiency. The physicians earn less than Americans and receive free education. The National Health Insurance system is similar to the Bismarck and Beveridge model. The funds are from an insurance program that is ran by the government. Every citizen must pay into the program. Although, the system uses private-sector sources. These programs tend to be low in price because they have no need for marketing or a financial motive. This model is much simpler administratively than the Americans. National Health Insurance Plans have control costs. They tend to have patients to wait in order to be treated. They also limit the health-related services they will pay for. The NHI model is adopted by Canada, South Korea and…show more content…
In these countries, their life expectancy is very low. This model is considered a non-system. The countries in this model have minimal insurance available. More than seventy-five percent have to pay for medical care each time they receive it. Health care reforms take place all over the world. The world’s four worst took place in Russia, China, the U,S, and Turkmenistan. These reforms have had a dramatic effect on their country. The Russian’s system has free medical care funded by the government. The Soviet Union had a huge medical system before it eroded. They had a large amount of hospital equipment and workers. The system’s transition to a public-private system went disasterly. Majority of the Russians are covered. They still receive donations though. Some people pay out of pocket just to have private care. In 2006, Vladimir Putin approved a reform plan worth $13.2 billion which did not improve the system. The reform did not notify and of the system’s defects. Russia still distributes 3.4% of its spending to health care. WHO suggests at least
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