In that day, the report and statistics about the combat against the human long term enemy is shown. People with their effort try to eliminate the mosquitoes spread the fatal diseases out. Mosquitoes in human aspect, is the bloodthirsty and annoying insects which is also pests carry the deadly diseases. In the lastest report, malaria kills 660 000 lives in 2013. Although new treatments, prevention, or vector controls show positive results; people still die.
Malaria alone kills 3 million each year, including 1 child every 30 seconds (Shell, 1997). According to World Health Organization (2010), there were 216 million cases of malaria and 655,000 deaths worldwide. Due to this alarming phenomenon, different communities use different synthetic and plant-based insecticides to protect themselves from mosquitoes and other insect bites (Hebbalker and Sharma, 1992). Mosquitoes breed in water occasionally depositing eggs directly on water but generally prefer a variety of moist surfaces such as the production of large amount of the environmental debris that holds water pools including disposable bottles, cans, discarded tires and storage of water in and around living premises(White,2004). According to Reiter (2001), female mosquitoes suck blood from vertebrates to obtain
While malaria is a curable disease if noticed early enough, there are still hundreds and hundreds of deaths due to malaria every year. This is because not everyone has access to the medicines that can be used to prevent this awful disease. In the last couple of years, a lot of progress has been made in developing a cure or vaccine for malaria. Hopefully, one will be developed within the next few years. Works Cited World Book Millenium 2000, pages 95-96 The New Complete Medical and Health Encyclopedia Volume Two, pages 591-593 Encyclopedia of Family Health, pages 993-996 www.malaria.org www.cdc.gov www-micro.msb.le.ac.uk/224/Malaria.html
Though many people are aware that malaria is a disease, they are unaware that it is life threatening, kills over a million people each year, and is a very elusive target for antimalarial drugs (Treatment of Malaria, 1996). Being a very specific disease, malaria is caused by only four protozoal parasites: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium malariae. Not only is the disease specific, but the parasites are too, with only 60 of 380 species of female Anopheles mosquitoes as vectors. With the exception of Plasmodia Malariae which may affect other primates, all parasites of malaria have only one host, Homo sapiens. Because some mosquitoes contain substances toxic to Plasmodium in their cells, not all species of mosquitoes are vectors of Plasmodium.
HIV later becomes AIDS, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. CDC estimated 1,144,500 people, thirteen and older, live with HIV and 180,900 do not know they have HIV (U.S. Statistics). HIV can lead to AIDS. About 636,000, in America, lived with AIDS, in 2011. AIDS may as well be a death sentence.
90% of malaria-associated death occurred in Africa. Also, malaria is responsible for the world’s primary cause of child mortality, murdering a child every half a minute. In fact, pregnant women and their unborn child a mainly defenseless to the disease, which could lead to a premature birth, anaemia, etc. However, foreign travellers (high risk group) are particularly vulnerable to malaria, as they may not have developed the immunity. Figure1 shows, malaria risk areas.
In 2007, The Center of Disease Control and Prevention reported there were 4,269 WNV cases in the U.S. in 2006 (2007). That number includes the 177 fatalities that were reported as well. The testing results of infected birds and mosquito breeding areas suggest that in the city of Genericville approximant 50 people will be infected with the West Nile Virus and two people will lose their lives this year. The application of Malathion could reduce problems cause by mosquitoes. Using Malathion is estimated to reduce the population of mosquitoes by 90%.
Just in Europe did it kill one-third of their population, meanwhile completely destroying two-thirds of China’s population, and decimating many Muslin towns. The disease flared and raged so quickly there wasn’t enough time to bury all the dead, so they mainly waited until the end and held a large memorial service. The disease itself was ripping apart the very fabric of society. The virus attacks the lymph nodes and lungs. The buboes formed from the virus are usually formed in the groin or armpit depending on the closest lymph node.
Over the past years Dengue fever has become the major arboviral disease transmitted worldwide, with about 2.5 billion people at risk of having this kind of fever. This is a deadly illness, which can lead to more life threatening situations, such as the dengue haemorrhagic shock. According to the NHS website there hasn’t been any cure or antiviral treatment or vaccine for the illness. However during the past recent years entomologists have been working on how to minimise the outgrowing problem, to help reduce the fast increasing number of people with the fever. On this report I will summarise and discuss about the recent solutions or diagnosis being carried out by scientist to solve the problem.
There are few animals in the world that have as medically significant biology as mosquitoes. Carrying diseases that annually kill thousands, if not millions, of people worldwide, mosquitoes and the way they interact with pathogens are topics of concern for many researchers. As invertebrates, mosquitoes possess various immune responses designed to rid themselves of pathogens. Study of these immune responses has led to a deeper understanding of the ways in which the immune cells of mosquitoes, hemocytes, function and serve the purpose of killing the invasive pathogen. In conjunction with the circulatory system of the mosquito, these immune cells react in various ways upon infection with a pathogen such as a bacterium or virus.