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Essay On Medication Compliance

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1. What is medication Compliance?
Describes the degree to which a patient correctly follows medical advice. Most commonly, it refers to medication or drug compliance, but it can also apply to other situations such as medical device use, self-care, self-directed exercises, or therapy sessions. Ideally, patients should be taking all of their medications as prescribed. Adherence is often considered to be “good”, or patients are described as “adherent”, if they regularly take their medications thus signifies that the patient and physician collaborate to improve the patient’s health by integrating the physician’s medical opinion and the patient’s lifestyle, values and preferences for care. Often, the terms adherence and compliance are used interchangeably.
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It is clear, however, that often patients fail to adhere to prescribed medications, leading to unwelcomed clinical and economic consequences. There are a variety of reasons why patients do not adhere to their prescribed medication regimens. One conceptual model of barriers to adherence describes patient, prescriber and health care system factors. Each model highlights the fact that the medication use process is affected by many factors in patients, including drug- and patient-related factors such as patient representations of their illness, cognitive function, and medication side effects, as well as other factors (eg, patient-prescriber relationships). Furthermore, because patients often suffer from multiple comorbid conditions and thus use more medications, medication non-adherence can have drastic deleterious health effects on the patient. Therefore, finding potential areas for interventions to help improve this process should be a top priority of healthcare…show more content…
Reasons For non-compliance
• Denial of the problem. Many diseases and conditions are easy to ignore, even when they have been diagnosed. This is particularly true for diseases that are asymptomatic, meaning they don't have noticeable symptoms that bother the patient. For example, patients with diabetes, or hypertension (high blood pressure) may not have symptoms that get in the way of everyday life. You may not even have known you had the condition until it showed up on a routine examination. That makes it easy for patients to ignore the prescribed treatment regimens. Non-compliance can, of course, have dire consequences.
• The cost of the treatment. Your medications and therapies may or may not be covered by insurance, and the more out-of-pocket cost to the patient, the less you are likely to adhere to buying the drugs or making treatment appointments.
• The difficulty of the regimen. Patients may have trouble following the directions. For example, taking a pill in the middle of the night, or simply opening the "child safe" container may create a barrier to
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