Ontology contains a set of concepts and relationship between concepts, and can be applied into information retrieval to deal with user queries. Challenges in interpreting a query from different ontologies: • It is not possible to determine in advance which ontologies will be relevant to a particular query. • User queried keyword has to be translated into ontology-centric terminologies. • Answer to a query may require the integration of information from multiple ontologies. Our approach is to keep the ontologies separate.
Given representational faithfulness, it is assumed, rational decisions can be taken, and evaluation can be used to foster learning within feedback cycles. This assumption is consistent with a particular kind of leadership, which has been termed â€œtransactionalâ€?. Transactional leadership is based on the premise that leaders clarify the goals of subordinates, and provide rewards and punishments concomitant with performance against goals. Transactional leadership clearly has an important role to play within the modern enterprise but there is an alternative: â€œtransformationalâ€? leadership (Burns, 1978).
Attitude Functions Attitudes serve a number of various functions, ultimately such functions may serve individuals need to reinforce positive or negative attitudes toward objects. A number of conceptual models were derived from such perspectives; however, the most persuasive model is the multicomponent model of attitude which consist of cognitive, affective, and behavioral components that contribute to the structure and expression of attitudes (Maio & Haddock, 2010). The links between attitude content, structure, and function may give a better understanding of the attitude concept (Maio & Haddock, 2010). Primary Function of Attitudes Attitude content: According to Maio and Haddock (2010) the cognitive component involves beliefs and knowledge people may associate with an object. For example one may believe snakes are dangerous.
Finkel stated that problems and solutions should be considered together. Analyzing problems can help find more solutions and analyzing solutions can help find points where is need more understanding. Advantages of Solution-Focused Risk Assessment According to Finkel’s (2011) article, SFRA has three clearly advantages. Firstly, SFRA allow stakeholders give opinions based on their professional knowledge and their preferences to decision-makers. It means that when evaluating solutions, if using SFRA as method, agencies could express their opinions or involve in many areas not only in determined the risk.
Nevertheless, the term Skopos usually refers to the purpose of the target text. Apart from the term Skopos, Vermeer uses the related words aim, purpose, intention and function. In order to avoid the conceptual confusion, Nord have proposed a basic distinction between intention and function (Nord, 2001). “Intention” is defined from the viewpoint of the sender, who wants to achieve a certain purpose with the text. Yet the best of intentions do not guarantee a perfect result, particularly in cases where the situations of the sender and the receiver differ considerably.
Metacognition can be succinctly described as ‘thinking about thinking’. However, it is much more complex. Metacognition refers to a person’s “knowledge and cognition about cognitive phenomena” (Flavell 1979, p.
The buckets should address the significance of each strategic option and support the alignment across projects in a way the strategy options can be visualized and achieved between them. The guaranty about each portfolio has resources and organizational protection makes the strategy possible, as the reallocation of resources feasible and manageable. In this sense, the link between innovation portfolio and the strategy should be the deployment of the strategic options in buckets composed by the projects responsible for making the strategy achievable. The managerial flexibility at portfolio level just has value if the flow between portfolios occur and if the portfolios represent specific strategic
It tells one how to act and how to effectively lead rather than simply describe a process which can be observed in nature. The components of leadership involved include inclusivity of others views, the empowerment of those involved, being purposeful with one's goal and aligning others with that goal, and being ethical with good morals. As part of this model each component of this model must be part of a process which includes knowing, being, and doing (Komives, 2007, p.76). Knowing, being, and doing is an interrelated process which influences the leaders thinking and behavior. Knowing i... ... middle of paper ... ...e defined as a conglomeration of ideas and concepts that are structured in a way where they attempt to replicate or illustrate some kind of occurrence.
Getting to know a few Differential Private Systems Differential privacy gives us the mathematical ability to formally reason and estimate formally about what an adversary could learn from released data, while avoiding many assumptions regarding him/her, which have the cause of many such works in the past. Such an analysis relied on manual proofs by privacy experts that the answers to particular queries were safe to release ; today, systems like PINQ , Airavat  and Fuzz can perform differentially private data analysis automatically, without needing a human expert in the loop. The functionality of Airavat, PINQ and Fuzz doesn’t end at labeling a query as differentially private or not. In fact, they are meant to support adve... ... middle of paper ... ...ame amount of memory, and have same number of rows, which are padded if necessary. 4.1.4.
Our mind and our body are undoubtedly separate from each other. A mind can survive without a body, and, likewise, a body is just house for the mind. In The Meditations, Descartes describes this concept in his dualist theory in the second of multiple Meditations. We can reach this conclusion by first understanding that the mind can survive any destruction of the body, and then realizing that you are identical to your mind and not your body. In other words, you are your thoughts and experiences – not your physical body.