Moreover, they have to make lesson plans to achieve the objectives of the lesson and arrange the time according to their lessons and ... ... middle of paper ... ...ties and he encouraged students to speak in English. Although their proficiency level was low, he used his body language, gestures to make all students understand. He also used real materials in order to make them understand and attract their attention in this way. I think that, I have benefited from his experience. In my future teaching, I will follow his teaching techniques because he really taught me how to be a good English teacher.
I view students’ L1 as an asset that often aids them in acquiring their second language and brings diversity to the classroom. More importantly, it is part of students’ identity and thus should be respected and valued. Therefore, I do not dismiss and prohibit the use of L1. Rather, I look for ways to integrate it in the learning process. For example, I can ask students to listen to or read certain materials in their L1 to later produce an essay or an oral report in English.
These effective instructional techniques will improve the learning of grammar for ELL students. It is important that we reach each and every student in our classroom, so being aware of the student needs and how to help them develop in the future is imperative. Not only are these strategies beneficial to English language learners it is also helpful for the regular classroom students.
Nevertheless, as teachers use the literature as an authentic text, learners immediately show their interest, as it is not an ordinary reading text which is found in the textbook. Thus, students from higher level can easily be absorbed by the plot and characters, as a result to acquire the new language at its best form. ‘The literature then becomes an important way of supplementing the inevitably restricted input of the classroom’ (Lazar, 1993: 17). Consequently, learners benefit from such authentic text, especially in linguistic areas such as grammar, syntax and vocabulary. Furthermore, the students will be encouraged to expand into political, historical and social aspects.
My main goal as a teacher is primarily to provide students with the knowledge that will help them further excel in their everyday lives, but also to teach students to apply the knowledge they gained and take advantage of opportunities that will enrich their lives. Many times, students learn better when they feel a certain subject is relevant in their lives. I feel that it is important to have a curriculum that is based on the student’s interest, experience and capabilities. Having a textbook integrated in a curriculum is important, but a student will have a better understanding of the subject area when experience is involved. Although there are many different techniques to education, I feel that the philosophy of progressivism and essentialism best fits my style and belief of teaching.
This definition illustrates that learning strategies are a shift not only in language learning but in any learning process since learners needs have become the center of attention. When they are used appropriately, the learners are more involved and aware of their own learning processes, development and progress. Hence, learning strategies are very useful while learning a foreign language since some learners are more engaged than others with their learning process. One of the main reasons is that the degree of responsibility and engagement depend of learners understanding and their ability to use learning strategies. So, once learners identify and select properly the learning strategies that are really helpful for them, their performance will acquire a good level and better results when using them.
It helps to expand the vocabulary, since the best way to acquire a large vocabulary is to read. Students learn new words as they read and put them in their mind for later use. . They also unconsciously absorb the information about things like how to structure the sentences, how words are used in different contexts, and it gives a better understanding of the word usage and definitions than the cold facts of a dictionary. It improves a person’s vocabulary and knowledge without the person even knowing it.
This is the reason why language instructors should teach students how to use dictionaries adequately, making them aware of the information they contain (pronunciation, definition, type of word) and their usefulness. This will provide students with the opportunity of becoming autonomous language learners and practitioners. For instance, dictionaries offer a fast way to know the meaning of an unknown word when reading a text as well as they are an essential tool when writing assignments in order to check the spelling of uncertain words. Nevertheless, dictionaries do not only help students in their language process but also in their educational
English pronunciation is one of the most important skill that students have to master. According to Goh&Burns 2012 Pronunciation is an essential element of communicative competence. Also in learning process, English pronunciation is the key to understand the meaning of the single English word and help students to acquire English faster, communicate appropriately and fluently. That is why in reality, so many English teachers think that English pronunciation is the primary concern and the first goal of English teaching. In the real task activity, to improve student’s pronunciation, usually teachers ask students to pronounce the words, practice some dialogues or ask students to speak up spontaneously.
I think that the most effective approaches to teaching grammar are the explicitly teaching method, linguistic perspective and traditional teaching methods. Those methods have successful outcomes the majority of the time and they make sure that the students are learning what they actually need to learn. It is crucial to focus on making sure that the students are learning every aspect of grammar rather than pieces and parts because it will affect their application and understanding of grammar as a whole. The different methods that are brought up throughout the paper allows for a better understanding of the methods that have been widely used by teachers and the reasons as to why they used those particular