Gestalt therapy on the other hand is focused on that here-and-now factor. Theorists believe that the experiences that a person has experienced influences how they feel, think, and behave in the present. The individual is helped to connect their past with both the present and future concerns. The main goal is to experience things to the fullest.
Gestalt therapy emphasizes awareness of self and others in relationships (Sharf, 2012, 245). It also focuses on one’s current situation and ability to take responsibility for it (Sharf, 2012, 252). I really liked learning about this therapy, because I feel like it can be utilized at my workplace, a prison setting. Inmate patients we receive have a very hard time accepting responsibility for how they got to us, and in jail, in the first place. They also struggle immensely with building relationships and maintaining relationships both in prison and outside of it.
At the center of Gestalt therapy lies the promotion of "awareness". The individual is encouraged to become aware of his or her own feelings and behaviors, and their effect upon his environment in the here and now. The way in which a he or she interrupts or seeks to avoid contact with the present environment is considered to be a significant factor when recovering from psychological disturbances. By focusing the individual on their self-awareness as part of present reality, new insights can be made into
Devereux Arizona offers outpatient counseling services to children from birth to age 18 and their families. Clients are referred through Mercy Maricopa (MMIC) and receive Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System benefits (AHCCCS). Clients are treated for a variety of emotional and behavioral issues. Counseling services are provided in schools, home and office settings. I am a clinical intern in the outpatient clinic. I facilitate or co-facilitate therapy sessions with clients under a counselor’s supervision. I also co-facilitate a pre-teen boy’s socialization group.
Clients are encouraged to face the facts about oneself, and learn that in order for others to accept them, they must learn to love and appreciate themselves. Gestalt therapy would help Joan realize that she needs to focus on the now and her current relationship with Hal, as her disapproving relationships in the past are not an important factor in the mending of her current relationship. Furthermore, Gestalt Therapy is a strong form of counseling in how it is personally tailored to each individual, making it applicable across cultures. However, this could cause difficulties in Joan. She seems to contribute much of her self worth as a human to the acceptance she receives from her relationships. It could be a strength, by teaching her how to become more self reliant and self accepting, but it could also be difficult to start with as she is so reliant on others opinions. It’s level of creativity can emphasize nonverbal behaviors, such as with the exaggeration exercise. By exaggerating movements or gestures, it intensifies the feelings the client associates with that gesture. Gestalt Therapy also has its limitations. It can be hard for clients that are not able to think abstractly to do some of the exercises of Gestalt. Such as empty chair or role playing. Therapists can also, if not careful, abuse their power. Some of the techniques used can be forceful and therapists that have not been
Furthermore, a Gestalt therapeutic approach was used in this case study because it allowed the client to learn that recovery was possible. Although the client was coping with the pain, it was certainly not the best way. Therapy gave the client insight into what needed to change to move on from that suffering. It was important that the client realized that there are other ways to look at this situation and cope with it. I believe Gestalt therapy worked well with the client’s situation mainly because she became aware of her behaviors and understand why she would do them. For instance, due to past experiences, Chelsea allowed others to dictate what she should do and feel, resulting in the lack of confidence. This approach guided the client to understand that she is the one responsible for her emotions and how to view her situation
Kelly believed that people are can understand events in their life in a countless number of ways because how someone constructs them is an individual matter. The only way to comprehend an individual is to understand their explanations of events and social relationships. Additionally, he stated that psychological problems are perceptual problems. Simply meaning, whether an individual has a psychological problem rests on on how that individual views things. Therefore, the therapist’s job is to help the client interpret things in a different way. Kelly’s approach to psychotherapy is named fixed-roll therapy. Fixed-roll therapy entails altering unwanted constructs by having the client act as a made-up person. Moreover, fixed-role therapy helped
In this chapter, Anderson, Lunnen, and Ogles (2010) discuss the interrelationship between theories of psychotherapy and the techniques used by those theories. They argue that the techniques used by therapists and the common change factors of all models of psychotherapy cannot be separated from the therapist’s underlying theory of psychotherapy. They unite these aspects into a contextual model. Anderson et al.’s contextual model and discussion of placebos will be evaluated and then applied to the author’s future therapeutic practice. Unfortunately, due to the pervasive influence of postmodern philosophy throughout the chapter, there is little that should be applied to one’s practice of psychotherapy.
The four common goals of psychologists are to describe, explain, predict, and control what happens. Although all psychologists share this purpose, the way different psychologists approach problems vary greatly. There are several different theoretical approaches to psychology. These approaches, referred to as the frameworks of psychology, have evolved psychology into the science it is today. A few examples of psychological approaches include behaviorism, cognitivism, and structuralism. How do different approaches to psychology differ a patient’s treatment? To answer this question, let’s take a look at our example Jake, who has just been diagnosed with anxiety disorder.
The theory’s basic tenant is that of a qualitative process where the therapist is a co-traveler with the client in the client’s private world. The therapist attempts to gain an empathic “understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference” in order to comprehend behaviors exhibited by the client (Corsini & Wedding, 2008/2011, p. 164).