Gender Socialization plays a big part in a child’s life in shaping their femininty and masculinity. Every child is brought with to have played with at least one toy to have called their own. Now, the purpose of the research that has been conducted is to take a further look into how toys that is sold through stores and played by children. This will then give hindsight as to how what is considered the gender norm has a part in gender role stereotyping and the affect these toys have on children view of gender characteristics.
Based on my observation, Walmart is one of the toy retailers labeled and categorized toys by gender. They placed “Girls” and “Boys” signs over their toy aisles. Initially, I studied the toys under
Gender stereotypes are basically rigid, oversimplified, exaggerated beliefs about masculinity and femininity that misrepresent men and women alike. Our perceptions are shaped by the culture in which those stereotypes lie. Those expected behaviors often become the expected realities of people. How do said expectations change when encountering people that do not quite fit the dichotomous binary? How do they differ across cultures and through various social prisms? Seeing as how gender is quite complex as opposed to static, how are they incorporated into the intersections in which they relate to? While I completely agree that gender stereotypes are rigid, I do see that their meanings can be altered in response to the social contexts and patterns that they are existing in.
In a research article called “The Influence of Gender and Ethnicity on Children’s Inferences About Toy Choice” a statement was said that these roles provide children with information about how members of each sex should look, act and think according to their gender cultures (Lam, Leman 2003). The men work and support their family financially. The women take care of the house and the children. In “The Science of Psychology”, a theory was expressed in one of the chapters. The social role theory is the theory that acknowledges that there are physical differences between sexes, and that led men and women to perform different tasks (King 2014). Children pick up on these so-called roles and acted upon them. In a YouTube channel named Advert Enticement, various interviews were done with children about their views on two different dolls. One doll was a girl and one doll was a boy. Many questions were asked about the gender roles. Questions like ‘Which doll likes to clean the house’, ‘which doll goes to work and plays the bills’, and ‘Which doll takes care of the babies’ were answered. At the end of the interview it was clear that children believe that men and women have completely different tastes. Men are more masculine, than women. So, question was asked which side of the toy store is girls and which side is boys? The side with the darker colors and physical toys like action figures and toy
Stereotypes refers to the perception aspect of feeling targeted towards a given group of people. It is the image society captures in their minds about other people. The problem, is that sometime that picture is not an accurate depiction of reality. Stereotypes hold the notion that people of a certain community or group have to exhibit specific traits, which in general has a huge influence on their behavior. Stereotypes in relationship with gender, refers to a specific trait to which males and females are attached to, and such traits define and differentiate these genders. Positive and negative traits are the most common, and the consequences of such traits cannot be established based on face value. Gender stereotyping is an issue in the roots
Gender Dysphoria refers to distress that may accompany the incongruence between a person’s experienced or expressed gender and that person’s assigned gender” (Whitbourne, 2014 p. 280). Everyone has a gender based on physical and genetic sexuality at birth. Some people’s gender evolves differently over time. They usually report being born in the wrong body. Gender dysphoria can be present in children or adolescents and adults, and can manifest differently in different age groups. Young girls may express the wish to be a boy, state that they are a boy, or assert that they will grow up to be a man. They may also prefer boys' clothing and hairstyles, and have intense negative reactions when their parents attempt to have them wear dresses or other feminine attire. Similarly, young boys may express the wish to be a girl or state that they will grow up to be a woman.
According to the textbook, the term Gender Dysphoria means “biological sex and gender identity do not match, thus leading to distress and impairment” (Chapter 8, pg.279). The textbook also discusses how “children with Gender Dysphoria is apparent in repeated statements that the child wants to be the opposite sex or is the opposite sex; cross-dressing in clothing stereotypical of the other sex and how the child has persistent fantasies of being the opposite sex such as; pretend play or activities associated with the opposite sex” (Chapter 8, pg. 279). However; the textbook also mentions how “people with gender dysphoria have persisted discomfort with their own sex” (Chapter 8, pg. 279).
Bette Davis says, “When a man gives his opinion, he's a man. When a woman gives her opinion, she's a bitch.” There are so many stereotypes when it comes to women. Women are supposed to be behind the superior male. Women are supposed to be ladylike and gentle. The crazy thing is that when a woman goes outside of that typical stereotype; it is considered wrong and unjust. Men have stereotypes as well. They are meant to be macho and have the upper hand. They have to smell and act like the guys in the Old Spice commercials. But as it seems, we all have a certain role to attend to. According to Michael Kimmel, “gender refers to cultural definitions of masculinity and femininity – the meanings of maleness or femaleness” (Kimmel, 2014). This is how society differentiates between what men or women should be. According to thefreedictionary.com, “the overt expression of attitudes that indicate to others the degree of your maleness or femaleness” (Thefreedictionary.com, 2014). The main point here is that society tells and guides people how to act and how to be a man or woman. For this paper, I will go outside the stereotype of how a woman should act in public.
In elementary school one of the most common phrase used was, “You can’t do that you're a girl.” Society puts gender stereotypes and expectations on children at a very young age. I never really understood these stereotypes and expectations until later in my life. I couldn’t figure out why it was that boys were not allowed to like the color pink, and if the girls wanted to play “boy” sports it was seen as unusual. My family consists of my parents, my sister and I; so I never had sibling of the opposite gender in my life. I didn’t have someone to compare gender differences with. I was given toys no matter what gender they were geared towards. I remember receiving hot wheels cars and baby dolls the same year for Christmas and never thought anything thing of it. I think that these experiences has really shaped who I am today.
The work's topicality is characterized by the existence of the gender stereotypes in society, having generalization, and does not reflect individual differences in the human categories. Meanwhile, there is still discrimination on the labour market, human trafficking, sexual harassment, violence, women and men roles and their places in the family. Mass media offers us the reality, reduces the distance, but we still can see the negative aspects too. TV cultivates gender stereotypes, offering ideas about gender, relationships and ways for living. Such media ideas attach importance to many people in the society. Consequently, it is quite important identify gender stereotypes in the media, in order to prevent false views relating to gender stereotypes.