Social Impacts of Gender Inequlity
The United States, like all other societies, places women and men unequally at many different levels of social organization (Long). Gender inequality remains a major barrier to human development. Gender inequality refers to the unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals wholly or partly due to their gender. Gender is a primary marker of social and economic stratification. Gender inequality is a characteristic of most societies, with males on average having more and better opportunities in positions at social, economic and political hierarchies. Gender inequality exists in employment, politics, sports and even formal education. Gender socialization, gender stratification, social construction of gender, gender roles, gender and power, and patriarchy are all contributions to gender inequality. This paper is going to give better clarity and go into depth of what each contribution is and the impact it has on gender inequality.
Gender socialization is the process of learning the social expectations and attitudes that are expected of his or her gender (Boyd). In gender socialization males and females learn what it means to be boys and girls, and later in the future they learn how to be men and women. For example, females learn to do different household chores than males; girls learn how to bake and clean and of course guys learn how to take out the garbage and mow the lawn. Gender socialization gives men and women different orientations of life and occurs through such diverse means as parental attitudes, schools, how peers interact with each other, and mass media.
Gender stratification refers to the social ranking, where men typically inhabit higher statuses than women (Long). It is the hiera...
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...f social organization in which men are dominant over women. Patriarchy has manifested itself in the social, legal, political, religious and economic organization of a range of many different cultures. A patriarchal society is one in which men have power over women, according to the feminist theory which is universal. Patriarchy is ingrained in the social fabric of society so much that it underlines the character of social, economic and political institutions.
All of the following social factors listed above contributes to gender inequality. All of the social factors enable society to treat males and females differently when it comes to access to opportunities. Typically, in most societies, women experience a plethora of disadvantages such as, inequities in access to education, lower incomes, employment discrimination, and the greater likelihood to live in poverty.