Essay On Federalist No. 10

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Andrew Abreu March 23, 2014 Essay #1 Madison argues the big problem in democratic politics is factions. A faction is a group of people with common beliefs that they potentially pursue against the good/common interest. Factions are inevitable because there will always be haves and have not’s. Factions set up uncertainty into Democratic Systems. To control the effects of factions Madison states he believes a Republican style government would be more effective than a pure democracy. Federalist No. 10 is an essay written by James Madison and the tenth of the Federalist Papers, a series arguing for the ratification of the United States Constitution. Madison begins by stating that a "well constructed union" will be able to break apart the violence of factions. He states this is the vice that democratic government has fallen prey to. Democracies are not stable and that the source of this instability is a self interested majority: " Complaints are everywhere heard from our most considerate and virtuous citizens, equally the friends of public and private faith, and of public and personal liberty, that our governments are too unstable, that the public good is disregarded in the conflicts of rival parties, and that measures are too often decided, not according to the rules of justice and the rights of the minor party, but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority." The causes of factions cannot be removed. Madison proposes that there are two means of preventing the damage of faction. The first is to remove the causes of faction. There are two ways that this can be done, the freedom to create factions can be taken away and making everyone the same can make factions irrelevant. The first removing the liberty to form fac... ... middle of paper ... ... party. Madison states that a republic, an indirect democracy, solves the problem of majority factions by introducing a filter in the form of an elected legislative, executive and judicial branch between the public and public policy. The two ways Republics can cure the mischiefs of faction. A republic, simply put, is an indirect democracy, and Madison points out two ways that republics differ from pure democracies. First, they are representative in nature. The opinions and preferences of the population will be filtered through an institution composed of a group of individuals selected by the general population. Second, as a consequence of this representative scheme, the republic can encompass a larger territory, with a larger population, and a larger number of interests. This makes it less likely that a permanent majority faction can form and tyrannize a minority.
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