In “Federalist #10”, Madison describes the dangerous effects that factions can have on Republican government and on its people. Madison defines a faction as a group of citizens who unite under a shared cause, and work against other groups in order to achieve their means. Their means of achieving their goals may achieve adverse effects upon the rights of other citizens. Put in more modern terms, a faction could be reasonably compared to a special-interest group. The sort of faction that most endangers the liberty inherent in United States society are factions that contain a majority of the whole.
Group polarization refers to the tendency of groups to gravitate to the extreme of whatever opinion the group shares (Baron & Graziano, 1991, p.498-99). Therefore, if the extreme is seen as a desirable characteri... ... middle of paper ... ...roup of extreme, right wing, "constitutionalists" who were apparently trying to turn frustration with the federal government into open revolution. I do not think these examples are aberrations or flukes, but are, instead, indicative of structural defects in our political system. If we are not aware of the dangers of extremism and competition, we may, in the end, be destroyed by them. References Baron, B.M., & Graziano, W.G.
As Madison, would describe faction as a number of citizens; whether it be a majority or minority whole, who were motivate by some common impulse of passion or of interest. This broad definition would include the interest groups who dominate the political landscape today. In Madison’s work of Federalist No. 10, he identifies factions were a problem. He views them as “a dangerous vice”, but at the same time saw factions as a necessary evil.
Such censorship would lead to a totalitarian rule by the majority. While hate speech should be better defined, bigoted acts should not be included in hate speech or harmful subjective phrases. Hate speech has become a spotlight topic and there is a debate if free speech should protect it. The main opposition against
A key issue raised by the Federalists in their campaign for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, and by the Anti-Federalists in their campaign against it, was that of factions. In The Federalist No. 10, “The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection,” James Madison defines the dangers of factions and elaborates on the effectiveness of a large, representative democracy in dealing with them. In Essay No. 3, the Anti-Federalist Cato argues that factions are necessary and we must preserve them in a large government if we are to prevent single individuals from corrupting the system.
There are two viewpoints on the impact of interest groups. One side views them as factions that are serving their own purpose with disregard to society or community as a whole. On the other side, interest groups serve as a necessary device in democracy and work for the public interest. James Madison viewed interest groups as evil factions; special interest groups that only cared about their own agenda and not the common good. Madison wanted both liberty and order and believed political factions were inevitable and the government needed to control their effects.
In other words, those who had large amounts of money and owned land/property were the typical individuals who would be in factions. Madison believed the ways to eliminate factions by removing its causes and to control the effects. Even though factions cannot simply be eliminated, Madison believed that the destruction of liberty or to give every individual the same opinion. Direct democracy is not strong enough to protect its personnel, property rights, and have been characterized by conflict. It is surprising, but Madison recommended a strong and large Republic.
Two ways to do this is by having a direct Democracy or by a republic. Some of the major problems with a direct democracy, however, are that men from specific factions may win elections and come into power by deceiving the public. Benefits of having a republic would be the limitation of faction powers and that the government will have more control of the “mob” or people. Some minor problems with republics are that factions may be limited which also contradicts its benefit, and that leaders may be corrupt. Controlling the effects of factions is possible to Madison.
The various critiques of democratic theories and practices question the purpose and progress of political systems in carrying out promises for its citizens. Realists, such as Max Weber, argue that politics is exploitative because of its ability to perform both evil and good acts. Therefore, to study and endure political life is to know of the dangerous consequences it presents. Norberto Bobbio, a noted neorealist thinker, posits that democracy is represented as a struggle among groups and individuals for power and democracy. Bobbio offers the observation that politics is contradictory and paradoxical, since it often includes unavoidable broken promises.
There needs to be liberty for politics to survive and since liberty feeds the factions the problem is how can it be maintained? There will always be a group of people that share interests or opinions about a topic positive or negative that is their right. What concerns Madison is that these factions will grow and eventually poison the system. Keep in mind that either Democracy or Republican governments are not the perfect solution. A Democracy is a government built for a smaller scale and focuses o... ... middle of paper ... ... the ballot.