The most infamous mathematician from this time was Ahmes of papyrus. Ahmes was the author of the Egyptian scribe “The Rhind papyrus”; it is one of the oldest mathematical documents in existence. The Greek Period (600B.C. – 499 A.D.) took mathematics far beyond the realm of counting and measuring time. The Greeks brought a variety of great minds to life, including Thales of Miletus, Archimedes, Apollonius, Euclid, and Democritus.
As a philosopher, he created views of the world that is still seen as fact today. Such as how the world is made of matter and some fundamental properties for matter. Descartes is also a co-creator of the law of refraction, which is used for rainbows. In his day, Descartes was an innovative mathematician who developed many theories and properties for math and science. He was a writer who had many works that explained his ideas.
Khwarizmi solved linear and quadratic equations, which paved the way for algebra problems that are now taught in middle school and high school. The word algebra even came from his book titled Al-jabr. In his book, he expanded on the knowledge of Greek and Indian sources of math. His book was the major source of algebra being integrated into European disciplines (“Al-Khwarizmi”). Khwarizmi’s most important development, however, was the Arabic number system, which is the number system that we use today.
His discoveries led to the formation of many other theorems by later Greeks such as Pythagoras and Plato. These two men (next to Thales) contributed the most to Greek geometry. Pythagoras discovered and proved many different theorems and ideas that contributed greatly to the development of geometry. Some of Pythagoras's proven discoveries included: - All of the angles in a triangle add up to the sum of two right angles. - The development and use of geometrical algebra.
Gauss is considered to be alongside Isaac Newton and Archimedes, as one of the three greatest mathematicians of all time. Mathematical Concepts Fundamental Theory of Algebra Gauss significantly contributed to the fundamental theory of algebra in more ways than one. After finishing college (1792) he discovered that a ruler and compass alone could construct a regular polygon of 17 sides. This was a substantial finding as it opened the door to later ideas of the Galois theory, through not only results but also proof, found in analysis of the factorisation of polynomial equations. This foundation of knowledge he created lead to him being the first mathematician to give rigorous proof of the theorem.
Most of the facts about his life come from a biography about the Roman soldier Marcellus written by the Roman biographer Plutarch. Archimedes performed numerous geometric proofs using the rigid geometric formalism outlined by Euclid (Greek geometer who wrote the Elements, the world's most definitive text on geometry. ), excelling especially at computing areas and volumes using the METHOD OF EXHAUSTION(a integral-like limiting process to compute the area and volume of 2-D lamina and 3-D solids.). 2-D Lamina¡¦s: 3-D Solids He was especially proud of his discovery for finding the volume of a sphere, showing that it is two thirds the volume of the smallest cylinder that can contain it. At his request, the figure of a sphere and cylinder as engraved on his tombstone.
They answered the questions that they asked the audience in the introduction in great detail, but without becoming overbearing. I learned much about the mathematic society during different eras, including the struggle between Leibniz and Newton, and the method Archimedes used when he helped form calculus. The only two negatives I have seen in the article are the large leap from 225 B.C. to the fifteenth century, & from the late fifteenth century to the late twentieth century, and the abrupt end. Works Cited Harding, S., Scott, P. (1976).
EUCLID: The Man Who Created a Math Class Euclid of Alexandria was born in about 325 BC. He is the most prominent mathematician of antiquity best known for his dissertation on mathematics. He was able to create “The Elements” which included the composition of many other famous mathematicians together. He began exploring math because he felt that he needed to compile certain things and fix certain postulates and theorems. His book included, many of Eudoxus’ theorems, he perfected many of Theaetetus's theorems also.
(Allen) The Greeks built more onto what the Egyptians began building during the time of the pyramids. Many of the Greek mathematic manuscripts were lost over time, but there are many postulates, theories, and systems that still remain today and are used regularly by people all through out the world. One of the most important mathematical system that came out of the Greek time period was the Pythagorean theorem. Pythagoras was born in approximately 569 BC in Samos Greece. He is said to be the first pure mathematician.
In 1247, he wrote the great work Mathematical Treatise in Nine parts, which was in 18 volumes of 81 problems in 9 categories. That book included his most important mathematical achievements. Named ‘’The Dayan General Mathematical Art” which was the solution of systems of linear congruence equations’’. It also had “The Extraction of Positive and Negative Roots” which was the solution of equations of higher degree. Because of these achievements, the Song-Dynasty mathematical treatise gained a well-known status in the mathematical history of the Middle Ages.