Not long ago women were treated unfairly due to the lack of equality laws. Women who were employed were often discriminated against by their employers and society. Today women are gaining equality, however a gender wage gap stills persists. Women are now holding jobs that were once only held by men. However, men are not very open to the idea and they often resent women who are beginning to work the same roles as men.
Women in America had not been working until the start of World War II. Since then, policies have been established to help to counter the discrimination against women in the workforce. Policies like Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1964 and Equal Pay act of 1963 had been implemented in order for women to be seen as equals in the labor workforce. However, many believe that women are actually paid less compared to men leading to a growing debate on whether a gender wage gap exists or not. This can attribute to a variety of contributors leading to women having lower wages than men.
Society places men and women unequally at different levels. Men and women are separately designated and diversely rewarded because of their gender. Despite the increase in the amount of women in the workforce, women who work in a male dominated industry are being restricted from exhibiting their full potential in pay and advancement opportunities. At the beginning of the nineteenth century women had barely any rights and were strictly homemakers destined to nurture children. During the Industrial Revolution women soon began working in factories and were given an extremely low salary for tedious work.
Gender inequalities are a huge factor in the workplace; we think that it is unfair. Feminism is needed to resolve this conflict because women have fallen behind compared to men, due to unequal pay. On top of the discussed information above, women are also being overworked. Not only do we get paid less than men, but we are also presents with an infinite amount of duties that our society doesn’t give us enough credit for nor do we get paid for it. Thanks to gender roles the child care and the house work falls in her hands.
Some women in mainland China need to accept unfair conditions, such as no pregnancy or marriage is allowed when the contract is in operation, in order to be employed (Chiu). A number of female workers believe that the discrimination in workplace towards women is because of the employers' concerns. According to Kingsley, he explains that women are genetically less aggressive when compared with men. Women are less dominance seeking and unwilling to take risk. They cooperate with people rather than compete with others which makes them less attractive to employers.
Another reason is because of segregation in the labor market. Although women and men still work in different careers they still predominate in different fields. Notably, within the same company women predominate in lower value and lower paid jobs. Women often work in health education or customer service where the work is lower valued and lower paid than those fields that are dominated by men. According to a census conducted in the United States of America in 2004 “ This gap has been static, as women have consistently earned only 77 percent of what their male counterparts earn..”(U.S Census 2004) Additionally, segregation is frequently tied to traditions and stereotypes.
Despite the expansion of opportunities for women, women were still seen as disobeying social norms by working in factories or joining the Armed Forces. Even these limited options that provided women with opportunities were not available for the right reasons. The State Library of Victoria adds that, “Only the rising need for labor and the diminishing supply of manpower has forced this revolutionary adjustment”(10). Up until when the labor force desperately needed women, they received few opportunities and unequal pay. Even after many factories were forced to hire women workers they begrudgingly did... ... middle of paper ... ...r: Women Working During World War II."
This is a problem that is constantly being ignored, but no more, it must be addressed in order to make equality equal. Because employers assume that women are prone to focus more time on their family and less towards furthering their own career, therefore we should pass the Paycheck Fairness Act of 2013, since the law would provide the same pay to women as to men; equal work for equal pay. The Women's Rights Movement, which began in 1848, sought out to achieve full civil rights in this country. From this movement women ultimately gained the right to vote. In addition, the American Equal Rights Association was founded, the Working Women's Protective Union in New York was established, the National Labor Union supported equal pay for equal work, and the Association for the Advancement of Women was formed.
This urbanization opened opportunities for many lower class women whose families were often impoverished to work in factories which were relatively consistent in pay. However, in these factories women were often abused and earned substantially less than their male counterparts. This was mainly because of the stereotype that England, a patriarchal society had upon its women that “females were naïve, fragile, and emotionally weak creatures who could not exist independently of a husband or a father’s wise guidance.” The value of the products that women produced was devalued because they themselves were devalued in society’s eyes. Emma Paterson, an England feminist once said, “Not only are women frequently paid half or less than half for doing work ... ... middle of paper ... ...dtr19.htm. Ibid.
The majority of women are working part-time, in order to interrupt for childrearing (Browne, 2006). Some economists supported the human capital theory; and claimed that the lack of commitment for women is the main reason of the drawbacks that they suffer in the labour market (Haralambos, 2004). Since women have less incentive to take lengthy training programmes; therefore they have less value to employers compared to those highly-trained male. The lack of training, experience and qualifications make women can hardly look for better-paid and higher-status jobs (Haralambos, 2004). However, the theory was being criticized that ignored the causes of gender inequality.