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Essay On Dystopian Novel 1984

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The dystopian novel “1984” was written by George Orwell in 1949. It was issued as a warning about what the world would become if totalitarian governments were not stopped. Totalitarianism is a state in which a government holds complete control over the society and all aspects of public and private life. This was influenced by the governments of the Soviet Union, Germany, and Spain, who had total control over their citizens during the Cold War. In this novel Winston Smith is a helpless man living in Oceania, a totalitarian nation where the government controls all human actions with the always watching Big Brother. Smith is a low ranking member in the ruling party in Oceania. He works at the Ministry of Truth and spends his days altering historical archives to what the ruling party wants them to be. The Party has strict rules for the private lives of their citizens, such as no sex, close relationships, individuality, and even free thoughts. How can they control peoples private lives so closely? They have telescreens in every home which not only broadcast propaganda all day, but look into everyones lives with cameras. There is also the thought police which use psychology and surveillance (telescreens) to find and arrest members of society who could challenge authority, even only by their thoughts. To show just how strict the rules are in Oceania, Orwell wrote “It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself - anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality, of having something to hide. In any case, to wear an improper expression o... ... middle of paper ... ...bol. O’Brien gives Winston a copy of Goldstein’s book, the manifesto of the revolution, which we later find out was actually written by O’Brien and other Party members. Shortly after their secret Brotherhood meeting with O’Brien, Winston and Julia are caught by the Thought Police. Winson is quickly brought to Room 101, a place of unspeakable torture. Just as Winston is about to have his face eaten off by rats he gives in and says “ Do it to Julia! Do it to Julia! Not me! I don’t care what you do to her. Tear her face off, strip her to the bones. Not me! Julia! Not me!” (Book 3, Chapter 5, Page 286). This occasion proves to O’Brien that Winston Smith has cracked. They now have total control over him, and they let him go. After he is set free he taces “2 + 2 = 5” in the dust, he has lost all independence which has been taken by his from the Party’s ruthless power.
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