Essay On Digestive System

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Digestive System The digestive system is an amazing system that is capable of working a large number of different functions. The digestive system is the process of transforming food into a source of energy, cell repair, and nutrition for the human body like vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins and, carbohydrate. The system is made up of organs that include the mouth, liver, gallbladder, stomach, anus and rectum, large intestine, small intestine, pancreas and esophagus. The digestive system covers mostly our abdominal area, which is where most of the organs are found. The system is broken down into six functions that make up the digestive system. However, it has a number of issues and diseases that come along the way. Digestive system and organs…show more content…
The system is thirty feet long made up of pipes and tubes beginning of the mouth concluding with the anus. The system is broken down into six functions ingestion, secretion, mixing/movement, digestion, absorption, and excretion. First, ingestion which is eating the food, the mouth takes all the responsibly for this function. The mouth is the start of the digestive system includes teeth, tongue, and saliva glands. Most humans have about 32 teeth; this will help the chewing of the food. Most humans have one pinkish tongue; this will help with one of our senses taste. All humans have saliva glands; this will help with make the food moist, easier to digest. Second, secretion is the movement of the fluids from one place to another. Third, mixing/movement is the swallowing of the food, peristalsis (wave from food traveling through organs), and segmentation (mixing of food to absorb nutrition value within the small intestine). Fourth, digestion is either breaking down the large pieces of food into smaller ones or turning the small pieces of food into chemicals. Fifth, absorption is your body absorbing the food in the small intestine, mixing molecules with our bloodstream. Last but not least, excretion is taking the waste /material that wasn’t needed and…show more content…
A couple of things that can cause the system to be disturbed are stress, lack of fiber, too much sugar, too much trans-fat, and antibiotics (Findley, 2015). This disease ingested food leaks from the stomach to the esophagus occurs when the esophageal sphincter does not close properly, called gastroesophageal reflux diseases (GERD).This disease is inflammation in the esophagus most of the time caused by infections also very similar to GERD, called esophagitis. This disease is a painful lesion of the stomach in the small intestine, called peptic ulcer. This disease is inflammation of the lining of the stomach caused by various problems (smoking, drinking, excessive use of pain reliefs), called gastritis. This disease is uncontrolled growth of the abnormal cells in the large intestine, called colon cancer. Most common disorders are diarrhea, loose bowel accompanied by vomiting, constipation, hard/dry stool and bowel movement that is hard to pass, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea and constipation, obesity, which is abnormal accumulation of fat in the body, and lactose intolerance, inability of the body to absorb sugar. Malnutrition is when the body does not get the right amount of nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ functions; the body won 't grow or develop properly. The digestive system disease and disorders can be treated by antibiotics (prevent infections), surgery (remove the issue or implant
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