Everyday, teenagers have a routine. They usually get up, go to school, and come home. Each of these activities are filled with many complex issues, stress related problems, and pressure. These issues can lead to depression. Every 1 teenager out of 5 will develop a type of depression (Jones 1). “Adolescent depression is a disease that affects the psyche in a way that the person affected with it will act and react abnormally toward others and themselves” (Blackman 2). About 19 million Americans are diagnosed with some sort of depression. 9 million of them are adolescents (Jones 1). Suicide is affiliated with depression greatly. 15% of all adolescents who are diagnosed with depression commit suicide (Jones 1). “Since 1995, suicide is one of the leading causes of death in American adolescents, surpassing cardiovascular disorders, and all types of cancer” (Jones 2). The Minnesota study found that 88% of the youth who reported making suicide attempts were depressed. Adolescent depression is very serious, and can cause many major difficulties in a teenager’s life. It is important to get to the root of depression, and take care of it at an early stage of the disease. A way to do this is to watch out for the causes, and avoid them. The main causes for adolescent depression in the U.S. are stress, the need to fit in, and family problems.
Depression does not discriminate against sexual orientation, nationality, or economic status. Therefore recognizing the symptoms, like mood swings that go from high to low. In some case when you have a high mood swing you are on top of the world, and when you are experiencing a low, mood swing, you feel like you could kill yourself or the world. You feel worthless or useless, tired no energy (fatigue),
Do you ever feel down and out? Fill yourself loosing interest in thing you used to love? Then you might have depression. Depression is a period of time in which you feel sad. I know you are saying to yourself you are just a little down, but depression is a serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant and often unable to live in a normal way. There are multiple types of depression, that effects your mental state in various ways.
It is alarming that the incidence of this disease is increasing among the students. According to Hales (2016), approximately 15 to 40 percent of college students may develop depression, a higher percentage being among women (p. 36). Generally, the causes of depression in young people are related to their school work, such as stress, especially on undergraduates students because they have to cope with new beginnings. Another risk factor is too little sleep. Most of them are spending a lot of time, especially night time, on the computers for school work or just for fun. Also, the academic pressure can lead to depression, especially on that students with poor academic performance. A family history depression can be another risk factor in students. There are several forms of depression therefore the treatment is different. Also, the disease should be treated differently in man than in woman, because the mode of manifestation of the disease is different for the woman than for the man. Unlike somatic diseases, depression, like many other mental illness benefit from both medication and psychotherapy. The disadvantage of drugs (antidepressants) is that in some cases, in the first few days after the start of treatment, there is an increase in suicidal thoughts or behavior. These patients must be closely monitored. On the other hand, psychotherapy ( brain stimulation therapy, counseling, interpersonal therapy), doesn’t hurt the patient. As with somatic diseases, besides these types of treatments, a special role in fighting this disease is to try to be as active as you can be, doing physical activities, being involved in group activities, set realistic goals for yourself, accept all help that you have
Depression: what is it? Is it really something you can control? How much does it really affect someone? Why do people suffer from depression? Several of these questions are brought to the attention of various professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and physicians, but not enough people seek the truth. Depression is commonly viewed as a bad day; people either believe they have control, or they can just snap out of it. However, depression is more than a bad day. It could be caused by a chemical imbalance, genetics, family history, or trauma. All of these may cause symptoms; yet, there are successful treatments available such as medications and/or psychotherapy.
There will be many topics covered as you continue to read that are related to depression. Clinical Depression is a very serious disorder that affects millions of people in the United States every year. There are many reasons for depression and there are also many signs and symptoms that can help you to identify depression that is affecting someone close to you. Depression can be treated in different forms weather it is through the use of anti depressants, coping, cognitive-behavioral and psychotherapy. There are many situations that can cause each person to get depressed for different reasons and may affect everyone in different ways and have different severities.
The Great Depression fell hard in the year of 1935 bringing what seemed to some people the end of the world. But in truth, the Great Depression was nothing near the end of the world, in fact the year of 1935 was not the first year nor was it the last year that many families had suffered and went hungry due to lack of work. Families forced to leave their home. Children going in hunger while their bellies pierced with pain. Mothers trying desperately to keep the family together while holding the brunt of the problems due to the depression. The husbands feeling the guilt for not having a job and thinking that it is his fault. Children scream with lack of food and sheer boredom as the families pack their bags and head towards California in hopes to find work and the start of a new life. This is a painted picture of what one might have saw during the Great Depression. However, we need not imagine what it might have been like. What pictures might have looked like because we already know.
“ In the news, on the streets, and in neighborhoods, individuals are confronted with a variety of social problems”(Kim 7). A person may watch a loved one battle cancer, suspect a friend of having bulimia, or he/she may struggle daily with depression (Kim 7). The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that as many as 17 million Americans each year suffer from depression. About one in twenty-five of these sufferers is under the age of 18, and one in seven women will experience depression in her lifetime. The illness strikes regardless of age, gender, class, culture, or ethnic background (Kim 9). The occurrence and distribution of depression in a population may be related to a variety of factors. Such factors include a wide range of possibilities such as sex, age, living in the town, living in the country, nutrition, marital status, socioeconomic background, and genetic factors (Winokur 18). “Many people who are depressed do not seek treatment either because they are unaware that their condition can be helped or because they are all too aware of the stigma and shame associated with depression”(Kim 9). Discovering and analyzing the complexities of issues that are associated with depression is a necessity in the goal of obtaining a comprehensive understanding of depression and of those who suffer from the disease (Kim 13). In order to completely understand the illness of depression, people should understand what the disease is, what factors cause the disease, and the how disease is treated.
While there may be many causes of depression, stress plays a big role in the increasing rates. Stress has always been present in people’s lives, so what is different about today’s stress that is causing so many students to become depressed?
Depression is a serious disease that is characterized by feeling of sadness, hopelessness, guilt, and worthlessness. Typical symptoms of depression include loss of pleasure in everyday activities, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, weight loss or weight gain, and persistent feelings of sadness or emptiness (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2011). Unfortunately, depression is a common problem in today’s world. In recent years, depression has been termed a major public health concern in the United States. This is partially due to the lack of recognition and treatment of depression in many people. An additional problem is that despite treatment, many people relapse and sink back into their depression. Depression is the leading cause of disability for both men and women (World Health Organization [WHO], 2012). According to the World Health Organization, depression is the leading cause of disease burden for women (WHO, 2012). While depression is a serious disease, it is treatable.
The dominant biomedical model of health does not take into consideration lay perspectives (SITE BOOK). Lay perspectives go into detail about ordinary people’s common sense and personal experiences. A cultural perspective, like the Hmong cultures perspective on health, is considered a lay perspective. Unlike the Hmong culture, where illness is viewed as the imbalance between the soul and the body, the dominant biomedical model of health views health in terms of pathology and disease (SITE THE BOOK). Although the Hmong culture considers spiritual and environmental factors, the dominant biomedical model of health only looks at health through a biological perspective, and neglects the environment and psychological factors that affect health. Depression in the U.S. is a medical illness caused by neurochemical or hormonal imbalance and certain styles of thinking. Depression is the result of unfortunate experiences that the brain has difficulties processing (SITE 7). Unlike the Hmong culture, where Hmong’s who are diagnosed with depression report the interaction between a spirit, people diagnosed with depression in the Western culture report themselves to having symptoms such as feeling tired, miserable and suicidal (SITE
According to Kirmayer, “...every culture has a type of experience that is in some ways parallel to the Western conception of depression…” (Watters 517). He proves this by explaining how a Nigerian man “might experience a peppery feeling in his head” (Smith 517) or how symptoms of depression in an American Indian project as feelings of loneliness. Depending on the location of the country and the language used to describe distress, symptoms of depression varies from region to region. He described this as “explanatory models” that “created the culturally expected experience of the disease in the mind of the sufferer” (Watters 518). In other words, the cause of depression is different for every country and thus each person experiences and describes depression in a way that matches their culture and environment. American researchers and clinicians often overlook culturally distinct symptoms because Americans classify depression in terms that might contradict the standards of other
As Descartes argued, the mind and the body are the base of our existence, and many different cultures view different illnesses positively or negatively. Certain cultures, like the Hmong, believe that epilepsy is a good spiritual thing, but others, such as Western culture, believe that it is medically bad because it could cause death. Many illnesses can be viewed both negatively and positively, some more than others. However, one such illness that is mostly viewed negatively is depression. It is viewed negatively in a symptomatic sense – the symptoms are useless – and in a diagnostic sense – those diagnosed with depression are not actually depressed and the illness itself does not exist; it is simply an excuse to be lazy. There are many different approaches to depression and most of them consider that this illness is negative; however, depression is actually an evolutionary tactic subconsciously employed by humans that can have very positive effects.
Depression was once believed to affect mainly adults for various reasons. It was hardly ever seen in minors or college students. Today depression is more common in younger populations mainly college students. There are many things that can trigger depression in college students, such as the environment, anxiety, and the fear of failure. All these things can contribute to depression in college students and sometimes cannot be seen. Many college students will never seek help, and many wont ever admit that they struggle with it.