Patients have to give permission any health care provider can disclose any information placed in the individual’s medical records. It helps limit protected health information (PHI) to minimize the chance of inappropriate disclosure. It establishes national-level standards that healthcare providers must comply with and strictly investigates compliance related issues while holding violators to civil or criminal penalties if they violate the privacy of a person’s PHI. HIPAA also has boundaries for using and disclosing health records by covered entities; a healthcare provider, health plan, and health care clearinghouse. It also supports the cause of disclosing PHI without a person’s consent for individual healthcare needs, public benefit and national interests.
They should work within the guide line of the NMC code to patient confidentiality. The access to intimate personal information should not be abused but seen as a privilege, the ability for a patient to divulge this information all rest on trust that the information will be protected. These ultimately help diagnoses, protection of patient and move research forward while enhance therapeutic relationship. Furthermore, Nurses should be able to identify and recognize what confidential data is and take practical measures to protect this information. They should take advantage of the policies and procedures to protection and dissemination of personal information.
Patients' Rights and Access to Medical Records The confidentiality of patient visits and medical records are essential in providing the highest quality of health care. Under penalty of law, a patient's medical records or any other information regarding the patient may only be released with his or her authorization. Exceptions to this are certain cases specified by law for example, health care providers are required to report certain communicable diseases such as measles. Many organizations and laws have been developed to maintain patient's rights of confidentiality and access to their medical record. Guided by the principle that confidentiality is essential in developing strong trust between patients and healthcare providers, the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) members are committed to ensuring that patient records are disclosed and only available to medical personnel and others acquired by law.
We all deal with confidentiality in all aspects of life, it can either build trust or cause a break in that trust that was once created. Healthcare professionals are here to provide care for their clients and not pass judgment on them. Where there are positive outcomes in regards to being confidential there is negative outcomes as well. According to (Israel and Hay, 2006:77-94), confidentiality is important in regards to being ethical in every place of employment. Having that professionalism to respect a client by not disclosing their personal information to unauthorized individuals is very important in regards to having a successful health facility.
Professional practitioners need to be competent, their doctoring skills and knowledge must be up to date and maintain a good relationship with their patients and their colleagues. The patients’ rights and declaration civil rights enlists expectations of a professional medical practitioner in the field. To practice professionalism, the medical practitioners have to come to terms with the fact that every individual; race, color, creed, national origin, sex, an honorably discharged veteran, sexual orientation or any physical disability has a right to any medical attention available and should not be discriminated in any way. Matters of concern arise whether we as the professionals really adhere to the set laws protecting rights of patients and their civil rights (Washington State Legislature, 2014) (Washington State Legislature, 2013). First, when a patient attends to a medical service center, professionals do not need to discriminate him/her on any basis, may it be race, color, sex etc.
HIPAA was put in place to help set standards on protecting a patients personal health information (PHI), therefore HIPAA does affect a patient’s access to medical records. HIPAA’s Privacy Rule specifically states that: “except in certain circumstances, individuals have the right to review and obtain a copy of their personal health information in a covered entity’s designated record set.” (HHS, 2003, pg. 12) Prior to enacting this privacy rule, medical offices might simply provide information or make copies of patient records without any written documentation. Patients along with family members might be able to easily access their information. According HIPAA's Privacy Rule ensures that patient's personal health information is confidential and can't be used or disclosed unless their is proper authorization.
Medical Record Security In the world of technology there are many types of threats to be considered when a hospital or health care facility depends on keeping their clients personal information private and safe from unauthorized people from viewing. When information safety, and regulations are considered by a healthcare facility it is held at high regards and high standards to assure that there is no chance of any information being leaked that should have been protected. A patients personal information should be kept safe from any unauthorized person from viewing, because a patients personal medical records can be used maliciously if it is viewed by anyone who is not authorized to view the information. In the healthcare field the patient’s charts and information is usually stored in a computer data base, or in an offsite storage facility and are considered confidential. The medical records should be indexed and place on recorded in inventory.
The NHS is obliged to conform to many policies including the human rights act. For example article 8 (the respect for private and family life) provides rights for confidentiality and article 14 (prohibition of discrimination), give people the right of protection from discrimination (Great Britain. National Health Service, 2010, p.4). It states that it is against the law to knowingly disclose someone’s personal data and identity (Great Britain. National Health Service, 2010, p.5), or to betray a patient’s trust who expects total confidence, without a justifiable reason, irrespective of thei... ... middle of paper ... ... religion, age, gender or race, and act appropriately from there, consolidating relevant patient information with other key members of staff (MPS, 2014).
Nurses have a duty of protecting the privacy and confidentiality of their patient while undergoing treatment and procedures under their care. Privacy and confidentiality are two different terms. Privacy is described as the “right of individuals to withhold themselves and their lives from public scrutiny” (Kozier and Erb, 2012, p.82) while confidentiality is defined as “any information a participant relates will not be made public or available to others without the participant’s consent” (Kozier and Erb, 2012, p.33). The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) is the governing council for all Australian registered nurses. The NMBA has set guidelines and standards that would serve as a norm in providing excellent care.
Leaders of the organization need to be knowledgeable of the laws, rules, and regulations which surround insurance, patient rights and confidentiality. Understanding the rules and regulations that govern them will help prevent fraud and maintain the dignity and respect of patients. Being truthful, ensuring privacy and upholding justice should be a main focus of the facility. The members of the health care team are faced with making ethical decisions on a daily basis. Being committed to doing what is right only the institutional approaches to ethics must be implemented.