By researching the inner workings of mutated cells, scientists can discover more information about healthy “monoallelic expression of imprinted genes… [and] the genomes of the sperm and the oocyte.... in the genome of the zygote” operate (Jaenisch 2). The zygote is a pre-fetus, and the healthy formation of it is vital for the healthy development of the human. By researching cloning, scientists can understand the harmful mutations of a cell and develop a cure or vaccination against them. Scientists can then, after finding how to stop mutations, accomplish a way to stop human cells from deteriorating, and discover a way to lengthen the lifespan of a typical human
Cloning – Well, Split My Embryo! Genetic engineering, altering the inherited characteristics of an organism in a predetermined way, by introducing into it a piece of the genetic material of another organism. Genetic engineering offers the hope of cures for many inherited diseases, once the problem of low efficiencies of effective transfer of genetic material is overcome. Another development has been the refinement of the technique called cloning, which produces large numbers of genetically identical individuals by transplanting whole cell nuclei. With other techniques scientists can isolate sections of DNA representing single genes, determine their nucleotide sequences, and reproduce them in the laboratory.
Cloning does not require a human embryo in some cases; cells can sometimes be removed from a live adult. Therapeutic cloning can be performed with cells that can be safely removed from adults or adolescents (Marzilli, pg.19) Embryos must sometimes be destroyed in this process, but the pros of treating diseases outweigh the cons (Murnaghan). Therapeutic cloning is also safe because, the organs made are from the same DNA as the patient; and there is a smaller risk of rejection from the body (Murnaghan).When a new organ is transplanted into the human body, heavy medication must be taken so that the body does not reject the donated tissues; this medication does not ensure that the organ won’t be rejected. “... ... middle of paper ... ...d be the same as the patients and there would be a less likely rejection after a transplant. Therapeutic cloning has the potential to treat “many neurological, cardiovascular, and hematological diseases” (Ballaro).
That level of scientific involvement in the creation of human life makes many people uncomfortable. Contrary, cloning human babies might have the possibility to give infertile couples a chance to create a cloned baby. Likewise, cloning should be considered part of the health care system because this will give transplant patients a higher chance of survival and creates cloning babies for infertile couples. Cloning is the creation of living organisms that turn out to have the exact DNA as the original. According to the article “What are the Risks of Cloning?” the definition of cloning means that every single bit of DNA is... ... middle of paper ...
There are various types of stem cells that can be used for therapy including embryonic, adult, and umbilical cells. Embryonic stem cells are gathered from the cell mass of an unfertilized egg from a variety of sources including animals and humans. Adult stem cells can be found in various places of the body where they are used to replace old cells or tis... ... middle of paper ... ...ved, they should be compensated for their donation. The taking of cells from an oocyte can be dangerous to the donor, so taking such a risk for the purpose of helping others and furthering research should be rewarded and detailed informed consent should be of utmost importance to the doctors or scientist. Stem cell therapy for genetic disease is providing great opportunities for the discovery of a cure for thousands.
This decreases the demand for human embryos in experimentation and instead uses stem cell therapies (Genetic Science Learning Center). A stem cell is a specialized cell made from embryos, fetuses, and even adults. These cells have the ability to multiply themselves. It is hoped that by researching and studying these stem cells, that a cure for diseases may be found (Zneimer). Two types of stem cells have been identified: these are embryonic and somatic.
The potential of cloning to alleviate suffering is substantial. It could be used to grow a patient’s own cells and tissues to carry out repairs (Wagner 99). Another way cloning can help in medicine is by helping infertile patients. Two fertility doctors have been planning to use human cloning to help infertile people using reproductive cloning. Cloning can also be used if the male in a pair does not have viable sperm, the father can still have a genetic relation with the child (Siedler 70).
Chemicals or an electric shock ar... ... middle of paper ... ...hich is helpful in creating the replacement organs. Therapeutic cloning cures a wide range of diseases and conditions such as; diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. Bio medical cloning (therapeutic cloning) utilizes the stem cells obtained from the human embryos to replicate human organs and tissues that may be used for transplants or to generate treatments. But, therapeutic cloning makes human life like a product to be created, operated and destroyed simply for the benefit of experimentation. A human copy of a person reproductively is defective, because there is a high chance that cloning a human could be inaccurate, immoral, and against the Church’s teachings.
Once that is done the scientist would then introduce the protein into human cells. Gene therapy can be simply viewed as inserting bits of foreign DNA into a patient’s tissue in hope... ... middle of paper ... ... fight the disease. It is crucial that regulation be a necessary component of gene therapy research and applications. In hopes that the government can regulate and can receive this treatment, not restricting it to people that has serious genetic diseases. Gene therapy will change the field of medicine from what it is today.
In personalized medicine, scientists put the patients DNA in the egg. They fertilize the egg with some chemicals and the egg will start to divide. In a short period of time, th... ... middle of paper ... ...nt. Scientists use and change them to behave like embryonic stem cells. These I think that stem cells should be used to help patients recover, create new tissue, heal your body, and understand how the body works.