At the age of 2 to 3, children tend to explore more as well as investigating the environment and then this will be a guidance into play and most of the time social play is where children have interactions between themselves or between others children and educators. With social play, children gain social skills and pro social skills. For examples, children will try to find other children to play with, detect and agrees differences in others, contributes as fellows in a group or even they will work unitedly with others to finish task. Social development includes in the acquiring of values and understanding and thus helping children to contribute positively to the family, school and community. Moreover, children are more developed by social play, that is, it helps them to train more of the oral and non-verbal communication by exchanging roles.
Children’s social skills is influenced by many factors, such as home, school, playground, culture and the community. The appropriate development of social skills is dependent on what is readily available to the child in their community. Children should be exposed to a variety of social situations to build up resilience towards other people so that when they are in school, they are able to navigate their way through different circumstances. Children should also be aware of social reinforcement. Social reinforcement is the positive or negative feedback from adults and peers that leads to further learning that is either appropriate or inappropriate (Allen and Cowdery
Examining these categories one at a time, first there is social development; recess give children the opportunity to interact with their peers in a different way from typical classroom interactions. Recess provides opportunities to develop an enormous range of social skills including, sharing, cooperation and communication. Interacting with friends and classmates in this environment is also an excellent way to practice good behaviors such as, respecting the rules and improving self-discipline. Second there is emotional development; according the Journal of Pediatric Health Care: “Recess may act as an outlet for reducing anxiety and serve as a means by which children learn to manage stress and gain self-control. During recess play, children also learn the art of expressing themselves to others, and begin rehearsing behaviors and practicing skills.” (Journal of Pediatric Health Care 29.2
It discusses how children are born with that needs to connect with individuals around them. Teachers and providers create positive relationship with children from birth through the early years. The foundation for that healthy social and emotional development because it affects her children see the world, express themselves, manages their emotions, in establishing a positive relationship with others. There were several areas of development that included social interactions that focus on the relationship that we share and include relationship with adults and peers. Emotional awareness recognized and understands your feelings and actions of other people, and self-regulation where you have that ability to express your thoughts, feelings, and behavior in a socially appropriate way.
Through play, children learn to make mistakes via hands on experiences. In the observation the children did not give up; instead, they explored new talents that they could use for the future. Overall, social learning allows children to excel new skills by interacting with the environment. At age four to six children show they want to explore the world by doing play and activities. Through play children are able to excel in their cognitive and social development.
Children's Behavior What may affect childrens behaviour Separation from the childs main carer can affect the childs behaviour a lot if they find it hard to separate from them. If a child cries it is obvious they find it hard to cope with this, trying to distract the child may help the child to forget about the problem and start to enjoy themselves. The childrens developmental stage includes how they see themselves and how they are with other children. If the child finds it hard to share with another child as they may be an only child and never had to come across sharing before hand, it will be hard for them to understand this. Some of factors for development are: *Egocentricity: children that are egocentric tend to see things from their view point only.
As children develop physically and mentally, they engage in social activities enabling them to interact with their surroundings. Interacting with the environment allows children to explore their surroundings and develop their cognitive skills to later learn that each individual has their own beliefs. They manipulate objects which improve problem solving and fine motor skills which allows children to engage in social activities. They engaged in group activities to learn new information and assist others complete a task which contributes to child development. Infants develop a relationship with adults early, through their relationship they form a connection which allows them to interact socially with their parents and other adults.
Playing can also teach children acceptable ways to resolve problems like taking turns, and ideas to help children have a positive play experience. However, children learn by testing their own social skills, developing their unique way of dealing with social situations and experiencing what is acceptable and unacceptable to their peers. One of the most important things a child care provider can teach children is how to get along with others. No matter how gifted a child is physically or mentally, that child 's happiness and success in life will also depend on his ability to get along with people. There are many ways to help children develop
Preschool must work to better understand the role of play in the lives of young children, and how to nurture and utilize play with children. (Koralek, 2004) Play is important to the academic environment. The school focuses on social, emotional and cognitive development of children. Through play, children learn to adjust in the school setting and get ready to learn. Children develop problem-solving skills and social-emotional skills which are integrated with academic learning.
For example, friendship is very important for a child healthy development. Through relationships with friends, kids learn how to express and how to manage and organize their emotions. They learn how to compare themselves with others. They also can discover what others value about them. If kids do not laugh, have fun, and get excited, they do not learn how to calm down themselves.