Since the theory suggests the solution to “minor” problems, it is leading to unlawful arrests and even murders by law enforcement officials. Today, communities are faced with some police officers going above their authority to enforce the law, causing the support from the community to decline. Police brutality has been exerted through minorities and have suffered major criminal charges for racial profiling, bodily injuries from arrests, and even death. Officers seem to be associating certain kinds of people and race as the community disorder instead of considering the reality of the community’s condition and “environment”, like the theory suggests in the first place. The minor factors that lead to healthy progression in a city can be solved by conquering the Tipping Points that lead to the Broken Windows Theory.
By keeping community disorder and minor crimes in check, communities look more orderly and foster community pride. Of course people think the biggest job of the police force is to fight major crime, but in reality, they can accomplish just as much by community policing and enforcing minor incivilities more strictly.
If the community can trust the police department and see police officers without having to fear being killed or losing a loved one; then the community would be more committed to working with police to reduce crime in the area. Building trust with the community should be the first step the Newark Police Department takes to make a change in the city. Some other solutions include improvement to the training of officers and making the administration and communication systems more efficient. An efficient police force would ensure their already limited funds would be put to the best
One of these policies that has been put into use in recent years has been that of a community policing initiative. Finding its roots in police-community relations policies of the 50’s and 60’s, community policing is a philosophy that seeks to form a partnership between the police and the community. Through this bond the community can fully identify its needs and work together with the police to battle crime as well as many other services that do not fall within the traditional roles of policing. All of this is aimed at taking a proactive approach to crime. Its basis is simply trying to work with the community to identify its problems and fixing them before they escalate or lead to crime.
This is important to achieve success while using POP (Braga & Bond, 2008). (Braga & Bond, 2008) suggest that it is more difficult for small departments to achieve good results namely because most do not use computers and crime mapping. CPD is a larger department and officers use crime mapping, the SARA model along with empowering and teaching citizens how to prevent victimization by making their neighborhood a better place to live through behavior modification (Schneider, 2010, p. 150). It relays a message to citizens that crime prevention in a neighborhood is not just the duty of the police--but of the citizens as well (Schneider, 2010, p. 12). POP is the one of best tools to use for crime and disorder, and a significant amount of hot spot interventions have been proven effective (Braga & Bond, 2008).
They could possibly learn this from a citizen’s police academy if this an option for them in the city when they look at policies and procedures. This allows the public to give tips and advice that maybe the agency hasn’t looked at it in that way which could lead to a crime being solved. Having this transparency in the agency will help with the police accountability because it will tie the community with the agency and allow them to solve the problems as a whole instead of allowing the ‘Thin Blue
and abroad. This strategy follows the research that a little chronic offending criminals who do most the crime and will be punished to stop the crime. This strategy can be used with crackdowns or specific target of groups of people and or gangs. This can be used by giving those who follow the rules social service and employment opportunities, which is where community policing could come in and serve the community after the criminal activity has been targeted. This can show the police are here to help as well as fight crime and the trust of the community won 't be lost after the crackdown.
Compstat was another police innovation that became popular in places like New York. Compstat tries to reduce crime by making police officers accountable (Godown, 2009).The information that the police get from Compstat could be used to increase the amount of resources the police give to those areas. If the areas have large amount of robberies community police officers can start asking and gaining trust of residents and find the people who are involved. Pulling levers policing is a deterrent strategy motivated by the research that a small number of criminals do most of the crime (Garside, 2004), and punishment and deterrence should be focused on them. This strategy can be used with crackdowns or specific target of groups of people and or gangs.
New Yorks style of community policing had to do with order maintenance which was strongly criticized by Harcourt (1998) and others. There are some key differences from traditional policing and community policing, where tradition is prioritizing law enforcement , arrest and investigation. Community policing puts Society and quality of living as the main goal which can target the real issues of the society, Carter and Sapp(1994). Law enforcement, arrest and possible shooting of suspects is still a component but it isnt the high proportion of community policing. Making the citizens in the community feel safe and comfortable and even satisfied with the police is a goal, Wycoff and
It would have to be a huge crime in order for a police officer to stop a car or arrest a man. Today, the best policing style would be the service style. This type of style aims to help anyone in the community who needs help. It is based on communities’ point of view and social connections. This style focuses more on felonies that disregard resident’s solitude and less on smaller crimes that make no sense like a ticket for going one above the speed limit.