Several studies have been conducted including neuroanatomic imaging, microscopic neuroanatomic observations and positron emission tomography in order to locate this dysfunction. Although some of the studies have reported abnormalities in various areas of the brain among the autistic patients, no common site or abnormality has yet been found. The criteria for diagnosing autism are those listed in the revision of the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R) of the American Psychiatric Association. According to this, the person must have been symptomatic since childhood and manifest a specified number of deficits that are abnormal for their developmental level in three aspects of behavior. These include qualitative impairment in reciprocal social interaction, qualitative impairment of verbal and non-verbal communication and imaginative activity, and a markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests.
How many people are affected by autism? Is it being properly portrayed in mainstream media? In this paper, I’ll do my very best to touch on these questions and hopefully leave the ones reading with a better understanding of this disorder. First off, autism is not a form of mental retardation despite what the general public may have you believe. In actuality, autism, which was first described by Kanner (1943) in his study of 11 children with “autistic disturbances of affective contact” (US: American Psychological Ass... ... middle of paper ... ... genetics and environment play a role.
Researchers have found that structural differences, such as size and composition, can have a significant impact on how the autistic brain processes information. Therefore, there is a variation between a normal person and one with autism. Structural differences cause an autistic person to have impaired social interaction and difficulty with communication, both verbal and nonverbal. Early signs of ASD may appear in the reflexive/spontaneous phase (third fetal month to the first year of life). Autistic infants tend to avoid interactions with other humans.
Causes Schizophrenia just like every other mental disorder does not have a specific know cause for it and its widely unknown to all medical researchers. A lot of theories exist as to why an individual suffers f... ... middle of paper ... ...the first year out of hospital. Supportive family therapy can reduce this rate by 10%." This shows how important it is for families to help and be supportive to the patient. Once again, medication helps but therapy is a great part of the treatment process as well.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how does it affect those who have it, both physically and psychologically? Autism Spectrum Disorder affects a substantial amount of the population. It is a complex, neurological spectrum condition that damages standard brain function, affecting the development of an individual’s communication and social skills. As a result, Autistic patients often experience repetitive behaviors, lack of spoken language, and may face amplified medical conditions. Although there is no present cure, treatment options, such as medication and therapeutic activities, are available to improve the patient’s quality of life.
(NIH 2013) Mainly autism is diagnosed in two category, autistic (classic autism) or autism ... ... middle of paper ... ...en the same age, but they become frightened of having their child labeled and what others are going to say. If a child is suspected to have autism, then the process should be taken very seriously to either rule out autism or make a definite diagnosis and get treatment started. REFERENCE Helpguide.org 2013- A parent’s guide to symptoms and diagnosis of Autism Spectrum- Autism Spectrum Disorder. Retrieved November 10, 2013 from: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/autism_spectrum.htm Nih.gov- National Institute of Mental Health- What is Autism Spectrum Disorder. Retrieved November 10, 2013 from: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/autism-spectrum-disorders-pervasive-developmental-disorders/index.shtml Proctor B. P, Young-Adams P. A.
That includes restricted, repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities” (Mayo Clinic). Autism is most common and most missed diagnosed disease. Autism is considered as a spectrum because each person have their own personal trait and characteristic. “Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult, since there is no medical test, like blood test, to diagnose the disorders. They look at the child’s behavior to make a diagnosis” (www.cdc.gov).
In 1911 the term autism was first coined, by a psychiatrist by the name of Eugne Bleuler. He used this term to describe patients with schizophrenic traits of withdrawing themselves from social contact. However in 1943 Leo Kanner suggested that, children who show certain personality characteristics suffer from Autism, it was this study that defined autism spectrum disorder as its own condition and not a branch of schizophrenia as previously thought. This was the development of autism as it is known today. In 1944 Hans Asperger described four boys as being autistic, these boys had the traits of what it now known as Aspergers Syndrome.
In the article What Causes Autism Spectrum Disorder?, the writer Arshya Vahabzadeh a child psychiatrist shows us the truth of the matter is that science and medical professionals are still unaware of what may be the cause of this mental disorder. Furthermore, he discusses why they are not able to find a source of this issue and why there are so many children that are being affected by this each year. There are many theories of how this has become one of the biggest medical crisis for parents who are wanting any answers to help protect their future children from Autism. The author reveals that there may be many factors of how children are contracting this disorder. Many children are being diagnosed with autism, and in fact they are more often misdiagnosed.
Autism is a form of neurodevelopment disorder in the autism spectrum disorders. It is characterized by impaired development in social interactions and communication, both verbal and non-verbal. There is an observed lack of spontaneous acts of communication; both receptive and expressed, as well as speech impairments. A person diagnosed with Autism will also show a limited range of activities and interests, as well as forming and maintain peer relationships. The individuals will display limited interests, which are often very focused and repetitive.