Essay On Anorexia Nervosa

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Anorexia Nervosa Description: Anorexia Nervosa is a complex eating disorder. The main three features of the disorder is an intense fear of gaining weight, a distorted body image, and an incessant refusal to maintain a healthy body weight.1 Types: There are two types of Anorexia Nervosa.  Restricting type: This type includes loss of weight by the restriction of calories. Restriction of calories includes but is not limited to excessive exercise, fasting, or extreme diets.1  Purging type: Weight loss is achieved either through vomiting or use of diuretics or laxatives.1 Prevalence: It is difficult to determine the exact rates of anorexia nervosa or any eating disorder as many cases go undiagnosed. 2  Approximately .5 to 3.7 percent of females suffer from anorexia at some point in their life.2  Approximately 1 percent of female adolescents have anorexia.2  About fifty percent of people who have had anorexia eventually develop bulimic patterns.2  Fifty percent of people with eating disorders also meet the criteria for depression.2 Who is at Risk:  Women have a much higher risk of anorexia than men. Only about five to fifteen percent of eating disorder sufferers are men.2  Young people, specifically teenagers, are at a much larger risk for anorexia nervosa. Adults can develop this disorder, however it is very rare in people over forty.3  There is some evidence of genetic patterns that can lead to a person developing anorexia.3  Weight changes, either the gain of weight or the loss of weight. When someone loses weight, they may become addicted to the positive attention they are receiving so they want to lose more and more to keep to positive comments coming. If someone gains a large amount of weight they may experience negati... ... middle of paper ... ...s-conditions/anorexia/basics/risk-factors/con-20033002. Published January 5, 2012. Accessed March 9, 2014. 4) NEDA. Anorexia Nervosa. NEDA. http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/anorexia-nervosa. Published 2014. Accessed March 9, 2014. 5) American Psychiatric Association. Eating Disorder Diagnostic Criteria from DSM IV-TR. University of Nevada-Reno. http://casat.unr.edu/docs/eatingdisorders_criteria.pdf. Published 2000. Accessed March 9, 2014. 6) National Institute of Mental Health. What are eating disorders? National Institute of Health. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/index.shtml#pub3. Published 2011. Accessed March 9, 2014. 7) University of Maryland Medical Center. Anorexia Nervosa. University of Maryland Medical Center. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/anorexia-nervosa. Published May 7, 2013. Accessed March 9, 2014.

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