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Essay On Ancient Egypt

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Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations in the world! Egypt is located in the north-east part of Africa along the Nile River, which is the longest river in the world. The soil was very fertile along the river, so most of the people lived there and grew crops. Egypt had been two separate kingdoms, north and south, until around 3150 B.C. when the first pharaoh, whose name was Narmer, or Mene, joined together the upper and lower parts into one. Some of the Old Testament stories took place in this country or close to it. Egypt has had many pharaohs, religious beliefs, and important events throughout its history.
First off, in ancient Egypt, the most powerful person was the Pharaoh. He was the leader over all of Egypt and was in charge of both the government and religion. He also was responsible for taking care of his people and protecting them. Their throne was inherited and then passed down to a son. They were also thought of as gods. Since they believed that after they died, they had an afterlife, Pharaohs had wonderful, hidden burial tombs or pyramids constructed, so they could continue a life after death. Many treasures and material goods were buried in with them for use in the afterlife they believed in. There were many different pharaohs who ruled in ancient Egyptian at this time and some became more famous than others. Khufu had the Great Pyramid of Giza constructed, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World! Kahafra, son of Khufu, had the second pyramid at Giza built as well as the Great Sphinx. Tutankhamun was the youngest pharaoh of all as he became a pharaoh when he was only ten years old. Ramses II was thought of as the most powerful of the pharaohs. A female pharaoh Hatsheput was one of the most successful.

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...he Great Sphinx. Also, there began a building of tombs in the area of the Valley of the Kings. Many structures built during this time, which are true engineering marvels, are still standing to this day. Egyptians invented the first paper, papyrus, which was used for writing, painting, and drawing. They were first to record historical happenings in writing. They invented the calendar which had 365 days, and divided day into 24 hours. They also were the inventors of cement, irrigation systems, which were quite effective, reservoirs, ways to measure flood levels, and successful agricultural skills.
Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations in the world! It was very different from other civilizations around the world. Egypt has had many pharaohs, religious beliefs, and important events throughout history. In the future, Egypt will most likely be nothing like its past.
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