Essay On Ammonia

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Ammonia (NH3) is a very imperative substance or product that is used day to day in everyone’s lives. Ammonia (NH3) is used to produce fertilizers, household cleaning products and is the starting material for many explosives and many pharmaceutical products. Ammonia (NH3) is also used to create nitric acid (HNO3), also a very crucial substance used in our daily lives. The Haber process is the industrial process for the manufacture of ammonia (NH3) from hydrogen (H2) and nitrogen (N2), if not for the Haber Process there would be massive shortage and impact of ammonia (NH3) in our lives, hence higher rate of famine and more time to clean household products and creation of pharmaceutical products, by which you can tell that the Haber process and…show more content…
Nitric acid (HNO3) is used in the production of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) and other nitrate based fertilizers. It is also used as a starting material for many explosives, like TNT or trinitrotoluene (C7H5N3O6). Nitric acid (HNO3) is also crucial for the pharmaceutical industry. Furthermore, it is used to produce certain dyes, which are used as food coloring, in the textiles industry and even as indicators. Royal water or aqua regia (HNO3+3 HCl) is a solution created by mixing one part concentrated nitric acid (HNO3) and three parts concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl), which is used to clean glassware in the laboratory. Aqua regia is also used in the purification of gold and platinum. Very dilute solutions of aqueous ammonia (NH4OH) approximately ten percent w/v (weight per volume) are commonly sold as household cleaning…show more content…
For their efforts and contributions to developing large-scale industrial processes, they were awarded with Nobel Prizes in Chemistry. The chemical equation for the Haber Process is 3H2(g)+N2(g) 2NH3(g). The Haber process is the industrial process for the manufacture of ammonia (NH3) from hydrogen (H2) and nitrogen (N2). Hydrogen (H2) is obtained from the reaction of methane (CH4) and steam (H2O(g)), producing carbon monoxide (CO) as a byproduct. The hydrogen (H2) produced from this reaction also reacts with oxygen (O2) from air (N4O) producing water (H2O) and leaving nitrogen (N2) behind, recalling the fact that air consists of seven percent nitrogen (N2), twenty-one percent oxygen (O2) and two percent of other products. These gases are then compressed and delivered to the reactor where ammonia (NH3) is produced. These gases are then compressed and delivered to the reactor where ammonia (NH3) is produced. These gases are then cooled down, and ammonia (NH3) is liquefied, ready to be tapped off. Unused hydrogen (H2) and nitrogen (N2) are recycled back to the

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