Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Introduction Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), once called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, is one of the most common mental disorders among children. (Elia, Ambrosini, Rapoport, 1999) It affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, with approximately 60% to 80% of these children experiencing persistence of symptoms into adolescence and adulthood, causing a lifetime of frustrated dreams and emotional pain. There are two types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: an inattentive type and a combined type. The symptoms of ADHD can be classified into three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
Many of the developmental issues children face in their youth are linked to disorders that affect their learning and behavior patterns. While the average child would go through a range of normal variations in their behaviors, children with these types of developmental problems fall beyond the range of typical actions. Not just one disorder is to blame for these progressive issues though. There are several, and they can range from highly disruptive to those that are barely an issue in a child’s daily activity. Amongst the many is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Children who have short attention span and are not able to stay on task are considered to have this disorder. Here we will examine characteristics and symptoms that are common to those who share this disorder, including the history and how its many issues can often be treated.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children and adolescents. As implied in the abbreviation, students who are diagnosed with ADHD often encounter learning difficulties due to lack of concentration and act impulsive. Although prescription medications for ADHD students may be helpful to alleviate the symptoms, they cannot be reliable since medicinal effects vary between individuals. As a result, many experts in education try to incorporate electronic devices to address the issues that ADHD students have. The potential of electronic devices to facilitate students in learning has long been noted by the experts. However, only a few actually consider to apply it on students with disability, especially students with ADHD. With its versatility of use and interactivity with the user, electronic devices can be used to address the lack of attentiveness and hyperactivity in ADHD students by controlling their behavior, improving their concentration, and encouraging them to be an independent learner.
ADHD is a disorder that has been on the rise for several years now. The disorder is one that can cause many impairments to a child’s attention span, making it difficult to concentrate and to keep on task, especially on schoolwork. (Graham, 2007) The statistics have been growing ...
Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric condition with lack of attention, and/or hyperactivity and acting impulsively which is inappropriate for a person’s age (Berry, 2012). Prevalence of ADHD is 6-7 % when diagnosed via DSM-IV criteria (Willcutt, 2012) and 1-2% when diagnosed via ICD-10 criteria (Philip 2012). Studies have shown that 33-58% of the children diagnosed with ADHD in their childhood suffer the same fate when they enter their period of adolescent and adult age with considerable impairment. (Lara et al., 2009; Lie N, 1992; Barkley et al., 2002; Rasmussen and Gillberg, 2000)
In this paper I will be discussing the topic of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). To start off I will be introducing the topic by giving a definition and description of this type of disorder. I will then move on to covering why and how this disorder is developed in children and the progression of the disorder. Next I will do some research on the prevalence of the disorder; what population and percentage of children/youth are diagnosed with this disorder. Lastly I will be identifying what theories I will be using to explore treatment approaches to this disorder. This will include two strategies/interventions that I will be using that have proven to be effective for this disorder.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is the most commonly diagnosed disorder among children (1). The disorder affects approximately 3-5 percent of children of school age (1), with each classroom in the United States having at least one child with this disorder (1). Despite the frequency of this disease in the United States, there still remains many discrepancies about the disorder itself, starting from the diagnosis and frequent misdiagnosis of ADHD, as well as the question of whether or not ADHD is an actual medical condition, or just a "cultural disease" (3).
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is very commonly known. Today, ADHD is one of the most common mental disorders among children. The NIMH (The national institute of mental health) predicts that it affecting 3 to 5 percent of all children(AACAP), with an approximate amount of 30% to 65% of these children experiencing persistence of symptoms into adolescence and adulthood (AACAP).There are three types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type, Predominantly Inattentive Type, and Combination Type(ehow.com). The symptoms of ADHD can be classified into three main categories; hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. These behaviors can interfere with ADHD sufferers’ ability to focus deliberately on organizing and completing a specific task that they may not enjoy. A case of this kind of behavior is recognized in a report written by the National Institute of Mental Health where one of the subjects under study was unable to pass schooling examinations due to her inattentive behavior (clinicaltrials.gov) These kinds of behaviors can damage the person's relationships with others in addition to disrupting their daily life, consuming energy, and diminishing self-esteem, depending on severity of their symptoms (adhd.com). In this paper, the multiple factors of how ADHD affects, and is handled, of those who undergo this disorder, are shown.
ADHD is a behavioral mental illness that is characterized by “distractibility, inattentiveness, restlessness, and impulsivity”. Yet everyone who suffers from ADHD does not suffer all the same symptoms. This difference in symptoms resulted in the creation of three different types of ADHD. One type of ADHD is Inattentive ADHD. As the name implies people with this version of ADHD suffer from an inability to focus when attempting to complete tasks, but they do not suffer from hyperactivity or impulsive decision making. People suffering from this form of ADHD have difficulties focusing on simple tasks such as “listening to a lecture, completing an assignment, following or carrying on a conversation, or reading social cues”1. Their constant distractibility often “causes problems with short-term memory, organization, and time management”1. Yet people with Inattentive ADHD can go into a state of hyperfocus when they’re participating in an activity that they enjoy. When they go into this hyperfocus state, they become unaware of the world beyond that activity including the passing of time or movement around them. A second form of ADHD is Hyperactive/Impulsive ADHD. This form of the disease is characterized by restlessness, excessive talking, impulsivity and extreme im...
The purpose of this research was to describe and understand Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the most effective treatment options that are available today. ADHD is a mental health disorder that affects 3-9% of the population in ways that, if left untreated, can wreak havoc on the mind of the sufferer. It makes concentration difficult, large tasks seem insurmountable, and causes impulsive and hyperactive tendencies. Fortunately, research and experiments have led to new and effective treatments to help those who suffer from this disorder (Dupaul 8). This research examined journal articles and internet sources on the topic to help unlock the complexities of the disorder through scientific research. It also was a way to separate the myths of the disorder from the truths, while discovering the causes, diagnosis methods, and best treatment alternatives to battle this prevalent disorder.